South Sudan Weekly Humanitarian Bulletin, 29 March 2012
Cross border attacks break out along the restive border between Sudan and South Sudan putting thousands of civilians at risk.
A convoy with up to 1,700 South Sudanese returnees was caught up in the border conflict in Southern Kordofan. Half of the convoy headed to Renk while the rest are reported to be heading north.
The influx of refugees from Sudan into South Sudan continues with 2,000 new arrivals in Upper Nile in the past week.
I. Situation overview
The security situation along the border with Sudan deteriorated sharply over the week, with reports of aerial and ground attacks on 26 and 27 March in the Tishwin and Higlig areas. The Security Council on 27 March issued a press statement calling on the governments of Sudan and South Sudan to exercise maximum restraint and sustain purposeful dialogue in order to address peacefully the issues that are fuelling mistrust between the two countries, including oil issues, violence in the border region, citizenship, and Abyei. The latest upsurge of fighting came only a week ahead of a planned presidential summit in Juba to resolve outstanding issues in the Comprehensive Peace Agreement signed in 2005.
South Sudan is also faced with widespread food insecurity affecting up to half of the population, increasing rates of preventable diseases and a continued influx of refugees from Sudan’s Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile states. The possibility of a mass return movement from Sudan in the near future cannot be ruled out. In Jonglei State, tensions remained due to the Government-led disarmament campaign and inter-communal frictions.
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