South Sudan Humanitarian Update for January - April 2012
HIGHLIGHTS AND PRIORITIES
• Inter-communal violence in Jonglei State left over 170,000 people affected, including tens of thousands displaced. The humanitarian community launched a massive response, now cited as a best practice example for future operations.
• The shutdown of oil production in January, combined with Government austerity measures, raised fears that more South Sudanese could slide into destitution.
• Escalating clashes in northern border areas in March and April disrupted progress between Sudan and South Sudan on border demarcation, citizenship rights and returns. The status of up to 500,000 South Sudanese in Sudan was increasingly uncertain.
• Over 110,000 people displaced from the contested Abyei area struggled to establish sustainable livelihoods. Concerns about security, along with the lack of a civilian Abyei administration, discouraged sizable returns.
• Food insecurity rose sharply, with South Sudan’s cereal deficit in 2012 projected to be twice as large as the year before.
• Humanitarian organizations in South Sudan concentrated on five strategic priorities: accelerating emergency response; reducing food insecurity; maintaining front-line services; ramping up support for returnees; and strengthening protection for at-risk populations.
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