UNICEF Somalia Humanitarian Situation Report #10, 1 January - 15 July 2017
• Further deterioration of the food security and nutrition situation is anticipated, elevating the risk of famine in parts of Somalia. The scale of drought-induced internal displacement is putting further pressure on available resources and contributing to infectious disease outbreaks. Since the start of the year, 71,663 cases of acute watery diarrhoea (AWD)/cholera and 13,428 measles cases have been reported in the country.
• Since January, UNICEF and partners have reached 741,205 women and children under-5 with life-saving health interventions; 111,869 children with severe acute malnutrition have received therapeutic treatment; 1.58 million drought-affected people have been provided with temporary access to water; 106,644 children have been supported to remain/return to school, where they are accessing life-saving WASH messaging and potable water; 45,323 people have been provided with comprehensive child protection services; and 19,935 households have received emergency unconditional cash-based assistance. Continued donor support is critical to sustain the response through to the end of the year.
Situation Overview and Humanitarian Needs
The humanitarian situation in Somalia continues to deteriorate due to the drought crisis. According to the most recent FSNAU-FEWSNET forecast, an estimated 2.5 to 3 million people will remain in need of humanitarian assistance between August and December 2017. The drought is also uprooting people, with 766,000 people displaced since November 2016. However, the monthly rates of displacement have slowed with more than 28,000 internal displacements reported in June, a significant decline compared to 46,000 reported in May.
The projected number of children who are, or will be, acutely malnourished has increased by 50 per cent since the beginning of the year to 1.4 million, including over 275,000 who have or will suffer life-threatening severe acute malnutrition in 2017. Severe acute malnutrition admissions have increased by more than 50 per cent when compared to 2016 data covering the same months, consistent with the planning scenario used by the clusters and UNICEF. The post-Jilaal 2017 FSNAU survey indicates that the prevalence of global acute malnutrition in the livelihood zones of Bay, Bakool, Sool, Sanaag, Bari, Nugaal, as well as in the Baidoa and Mogadishu internally displaced persons (IDP) camps, is critical (15-30 per cent). While food access was found to be relatively better than previously projected, levels of acute food insecurity remain severe and are expected to persist throughout 2017 given the likelihood of a third consecutive poor harvest in July. The post-Gu assessment is ongoing and an updated estimate of people in need based on new data will be available in August.
Severely malnourished children are nine times more likely to die of killer diseases like acute watery diarrhoea (AWD)/cholera and measles. In 2017, 71,663 cases of AWD/cholera have been reported; with 1,098 deaths recorded and a case fatality rate (CFR) of 1.5 per cent3 . Some 13,428 suspected measles cases have also been reported since the beginning of the year, and an estimated 4.5 million people remain in urgent need of WASH assistance. Gender Based Violence (GBV) and Child Protection concerns are increasing. Since the start of the year, the Country Task Force on Monitoring and Reporting documented 1,992 incidents of grave violations against children.