Somalia: FSNAU Technical Series Report No VI. 36: Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Post Deyr 2010/2011
The findings of the FSNAU, FEWSNET and partner post Deyr 2010/11 seasonal assessment indicate that the number of people in need of humanitarian assistance in Somalia has increased by 20 percent to 2.4 million.This represents 32 percent of Somalia's 7.5 million people. Failure of the Deyr seasonal rains linked to prevailing La Niña event affecting Somalia, caused a severe water crisis in most parts of the country with the exception of north-western regions. The dry conditions have also resulted in substantial crop harvest failure in the South and Central crop-producing regions.
The resulting dramatic increases in the prices of water and local cereals are the main drivers of the deteriorating food security situation in Somalia. The situation is exacerbated by the sustained conflict, which continues to be the primary reason of displacement affecting southern and central parts of the country. FSNAU identifies about 910,000 of Internally Displaced Populations (IDPs) as a single population in crisis; in addition, 940,000 people in Acute Food and Livelihood Crisis (AFLC) and 535,000 in Humanitarian Emergency (HE) are concentrated in rural and urban areas.