Somalia: Drought Response - Situation Report No. 15

This report is produced by OCHA Somalia in collaboration with humanitarian partners. It covers the period from 5 to 24 July 2017.

Highlights

  • While extensive humanitarian operations are ongoing, with over three million people being reached monthly with lifesaving assistance, livelihoods support and protection services, humanitarian needs are expected to persist at current levels through the end of the year. As a result of below average Gu rains, pest infestation and reduced area cultivated, overall cereal production is expected to be 50-60 percent of average, according to the Post Gu Preliminary Assessment Results by Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit (FSNAU).

  • Results of nutrition surveys conducted by FSNAU indicate a critical nutrition situation (Global Acute Malnutrition (WHZ) prevalence of 15 per cent or higher) in 9 out of 12 displaced people’s settlements.

  • The first ever Somalia Country Humanitarian Forum was held on 19 July, in Mogadishu. The forum will now serve as an information sharing and coordination platform with international humanitarian actors.

  • On 15 July, AMISOM handed over the Somali National University to the Federal Government. The handover of the last civilian learning facility occupied by armed actors comes after over 30 years of occupation and is an important step in expanding opportunities for youth.

6.7 m People in need.

3.2 m in IPC Phase 3 and 4

766,000 People displaced by drought since November 2016

13,428 Reported cases of suspected measles in 2017

2.5 m Million people have been reached with food and safety nets in June

71,663 Reported cases of AWD/cholera in 2017, including 1,098 deaths

$864m Total reported humanitarian funding in 2017 (HRP+ non-HRP funding)

Situation Overview

Severe drought is expected to continue to deepen till the start of the next rainy season in October and an improvement in the food security and nutrition situation is not likely before December/January, as indicated by the 2017 Post Gu Preliminary Assessment Results issued by FSNAU. The Gu rainy season was late and shorter than normal, and generally poor in most of the country and the temporal distribution was erratic. As a result of below average Gu rains, pest infestation and reduced area cultivated, overall cereal production is expected to be 50-60 per cent average this season. Climate model predictions indicate a 45 per cent possibility of an El Nino event in late 2017.

Food access remains a challenge among most poor households due to reduced income and high cost of living. The settlements while mortality remains a concern in some of the settlements. While displacement rates slowed down during the Gu season, reports of renewed waves of movement in June mainly from rural areas that received little rain have been received. Noticeable is the increase in drought and conflict-related displacement in south central Somalia recorded by the UNHCR-led Protection and Return Monitoring Network. The spike in conflict-displaced people represents a new displacement trend since November 2016. In May and June alone, approximately 50,000 people were displaced due to conflict and heightened insecurity in south central Somalia. Some 70,000 people were displaced due to drought during the same period. More than 28,000 internal displacements were reported in June, a significant decline compared to 46,000 reported in May Baidoa witnessed a spike in new arrivals with 16,000 people arriving in June - a significant increase compared to 4,700 new arrivals in May. Mogadishu received 650 new arrivals while 9,100 new arrivals were reported in May.

Approximately 17,700 people have reportedly returned to their villages of origin, of these, 11,200 returned in June. The returns have mainly happened to villages within Baidoa district as well as Dinsoor and Qansahdhere districts in Bay region. Significant returns in other regions have not been reported so far.

A cumulative 71, 663 suspected AWD/cholera cases and 1,098 deaths (CFR-1.5%) have been recorded from 37 districts across 15 regions in 2017. The trend of cholera cases recorded in the past 27 weeks shows a significant increase compared to cases reported during the same period last year.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

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