Puntland Fact Sheet July 2012
The northeastern region of Somalia has since mid‐1998 been referred to as the Puntland State of Somalia. While Puntland does not seek independence from Somalia, it aims to become a federal division within a united Somalia.
Challenges facing Puntland include: limited financial resources, food insecurity and a growing vulnerable population. The majority of the population is pastoralist and mainly dependent on livestock (camels, sheep and goats), while those living by the coastal areas are mostly fishermen. Around 25 to 30 per cent of the population lives in urban areas.
The security situation in Puntland has shown signs of improvement as police and community representatives, including elders, elites and religious leaders, have combined efforts to improve security. However, an unresolved boundary dispute with Somaliland over the western regions of Sool and Sanaag causes sporadic armed clashes. While access to these areas is challenging, Puntland is generally accessible to aid agencies. Insecurity and prolonged drought have been the major causes of displacement in recent years especially in Sool and Sanaag regions.
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