Humanitarian Action for Children 2017 - Somalia (Revised March 2017)
Total people in need: 6.2 million
Total children (<18) in need: 3.7 million
Total people to be reached in 2017: 5.5 million
Total children to be reached in 2017: 1.7 million
2017 programme targets
- 277,000 children aged 6 to 59 months affected by SAM admitted for treatment - 75 per cent of children with SAM who received treatment and recovered
340,000 children under 5 vaccinated against measles
731,000 people provided with access to emergency health care services
27,500 AWD/cholera cases treated at facility level and treatment centres
1.5 million people provided with temporary access to safe water (7.5–15 litres per person per day)10
1.5 million people provided with means to access appropriate hygiene practices through hygiene kits
6,885 separated and unaccompanied children identified and registered
3,803 GBV survivors accessing a package of services
87,600 children accessing safe and protected learning opportunities in emergency-affected environments
63,000 children accessing safe drinking water in schools
- 60,000 emergency-affected households (420,000 people) provided with monthly cash transfers to support access to basic services
The humanitarian situation in Somalia is rapidly deteriorating due to the severe drought that started in the north in 2016 and is now affecting most of the country. Over 6.2 million people are facing acute food insecurity and the number of people in need of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) assistance will likely rise to 4.5 million by April 2017. Reduced access to clean drinking water contributes to malnutrition, and brings with it an increased risk of acute watery diarrhoea (AWD)/cholera. More than 11,000 cases of AWD/cholera have already been reported across 12 southern regions and Puntland since the start of the year, five times more than from a similar period in 2016. The drought is also uprooting people, with 250,000 displaced since November 2016, adding to the 1.1 million already internally displaced.In addition, people are also crossing into Ethiopia and Kenya. The situation is especially grave for children. Close to 1 million children under five will be acutely malnourished in 2017, including 185,000 severely malnourished, which may increase to over 270,000 if famine is not averted.4 Malnourished children will also be particularly vulnerable to measles. Children are dropping out of school, with 30,000 reported so far, and are at risk of violence, especially when on the move.
UNICEF has revised its humanitarian strategy for 2017 to focus on immediate life-saving measures needed to advert famine. The strategy builds on lessons from the 2011 famine response, including the need for timely action to prevent excess mortality. UNICEF’s response is aligned with the interagency Operational Plan for Pre-Famine Scale-Up, although UNICEF’s projection are until the end of 2017. Together with the Government, UNICEF is coordinating and scaling-up its interventions with line ministries, disaster management agencies and relevant clusters. With partners, UNICEF is prioritizing a core intervention based on an integrated WASH, health and nutrition response, through the procurement of lifesaving supplies, an increase in partnerships and the expansion coverage to enable delivery of critical services in the most affected areas. To avert a deterioration in health conditions, and prevent measles outbreaks, UNICEF is expanding coverage to reach more children through mobile and outreach clinics. UNICEF will accelerate response to the AWD/cholera outbreak by supporting set of cholera treatment centres and prepositioning supplies for treatment.
Social mobilisation activities will also focus on AWD/cholera hotspot areas. UNICEF’s response is complemented with education interventions and monitoring of child separation with a focus on families on the move. In line with Grand Bargain commitments, cash-based assistance will be prioritized.
UNICEF Results to Date
In the first two months of 2017, UNICEF has US$67.4 million available against its original appeal. With funding available, UNICEF and partners have focused on preventing and treating acute malnutrition through a strategic partnership with the World Food Programme (WFP) and timely prepositioning of nutrition supplies. Through 80 partnership agreements across 95 per cent of the affected areas, UNICEF is targeting 1.7 million people with emergency lifesaving primary healthcare and immunisation services, and has developed a joint response with WFP for cash transfers, designed to benefit 420,000 individuals.
UNICEF is also supporting 578 Outpatient Therapeutic Centres and 41 Stabilization Centres across Somalia, out of a planned 700 sites. UNICEF and partners have supported the admission of over 30,000 children with SAM for treatment, and provided over 107,000 women and children provided with emergency life-saving health services. In response to the AWD/cholera outbreak, 5,000 cases have been treated, and 34 cholera treatment centers and units supported. More than 360,000 people have been provided with temporary access to safe water and close to 28,000 children and adolescents (33 per cent girls) have been supported with access to education in emergencies. In addition, over 285 separated and unaccompanied children have been identified and registered, and 660 survivors of GBV (87 per cent female), have been provided with appropriate support. .