Horn of Africa - Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #4, Fiscal Year (FY) 2017

Report
from US Agency for International Development
Published on 09 May 2017

HIGHLIGHTS

  • Projected late-2017 El Niño climatic event could affect food security in the Horn of Africa

  • UNICEF increases Somalia malnutrition projection to 1.4 million children impacted by late 2017

  • Donors fund 76 percent of Somalia Operational Plan for Famine Prevention

  • Relief actors detect fall armyworm infestation in Ethiopia and Kenya

KEY DEVELOPMENTS

  • Vulnerable populations in Somalia, southeastern Ethiopia, and northern Kenya continue to face life-threatening acute food insecurity, following delayed and erratic seasonal rains across the Horn of Africa, according to the USAID-funded Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET). As of early May, April-to-June gu rains had begun in parts of Somalia’s semiautonomous regions of Puntland and Somaliland, while Lower Juba, Lower Shabelle, and coastal areas of Galgadud and Mudug regions had not yet received rains, according to the UN. In addition, central and eastern Ethiopia remained dry due to below-average February-to-June belg rainfall, and the delayed onset of Marchto-May long rains had exacerbated dry conditions in agricultural and pastoral areas of Kenya, according to FEWS NET.

  • Despite an unprecedented scale-up in donor contributions to address the humanitarian crisis and prevent Famine in Somalia, additional relief assistance is urgently needed due to the late onset of gu rains, increased malnutrition levels, and the ongoing cholera outbreak—all of which are compounded by humanitarian access constraints.

  • Through nearly $1.3 billion in ongoing FY 2016 and FY 2017 support from USAID/OFDA, USAID/FFP, and State/PRM, relief actors are responding to critical needs for emergency food, health, livelihoods, nutrition, protection, and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) assistance among internally displaced persons (IDPs), host communities, and refugees affected by drought and conflict in the region.