DOCC Mission Report Gaalkayco 9 May 2017

Key mission findings

The majority of drought-related displacement has occurred within regions, with people migrating from rural to urban areas while there are “climate refugees” who came from Somali region of Ethiopia. The pull factor of IDPs to Gaalkacyo is the presence of humanitarian organizations proving assistance.

Local authorities (north Gaalkayco) noted that drought and conflict are the major causes of displacements with more than 40,000 people having been displaced by the drought since January

IDPs are scattered in Gaalkayco town and there are plans to relocate them to two sites where they can access services

The situation in both IDP settlements visited, Taalla'ad IDP settlement in north Gaalkacyo and Haar-Haar IDP settlement in south Gaalkacyo remains precarious in terms of access to shelter/ NFIs, latrines and Protection.

Displaced people by the drought living in the IDP settlements expressed no intention to return to areas of origin due to the total loss of livelihoods, mainly livestock.

Authorities (north Gaalkacyo) expressed concern over the fact that the population in peri-urban areas need to move to distant markets, and spend a big part of the Cash Transfer (CT) in transportation. They also complained that partners are using different CT values, which should be harmonized.

Authorities in south Gaalkacyo noted that the registration process seems too be technically difficult and recommended that women should be targeted in order to ensure cash benefits all household members.

The team observed people from Ethiopia in the IDP settlements and recommends UNHCR to screen the population and differentiate between refugees/IDPs/ seasonal migrants/ economic migrants.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

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