Bay - Fact Sheet, March 2012
Bay was significantly affected by the cumulative effects of drought and ongoing conflict. This resulted in repeated crop failure, depletion of livestock and assets, rising food prices and a perpetual state of emergency for a significant proportion of the population. The majority (84%) live in rural areas, deriving their livelihood as pastoralists or agro pastoralists. Due to above normal Deyr rains, the crop yields are 154% against five year averages, resulting in a 60% reduction in the price of cereals.
The threat of an outbreak of measles, acute watery diarrhoea, and limited access to clean drinking water, displacement and forced repatriation of IDPs to their home village, as well as a high prevalence of malnutrition are the main humanitarian concerns.
Humanitarian access in Bay has been challenging for some time and significantly deteriorated recently with a ban on six of the seven international agencies operating in the region. Military operations may trigger displacement and vulnerability in the short term.
To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.