Bakool – Situation Analysis 01 May 2012
Bakool region, whose capital is Hudur town, has an estimated population of 310,627 with an 80/20 rural/urban divide1. A majority of the people in the rural areas depends on livestock in the pastoral livelihoods zone and the rest are agro-pastoralists. The region is traditionally food insecure with 140,000 people estimated to be in emergency and crisis in March 2012. However, this is a 30 per cent improvement from the last season, as a result of good Deyr harvest. The recent prolonged dry spell has seen poor households exhaust their stocks and get increasingly dependent on purchased food, gifts/zakat and humanitarian assistance (FSNAU March 2012). By June 166,000 people mainly from the agropastoral zone are likely to be in emergency and crisis2.
The humanitarian situation has been worsening in the region due to civil insecurity and protection related threats, disruptions of economic and commercial activities, and restricted humanitarian access. In the TFG-controlled areas, Al Shabab’s (AS) hit and run attacks are common with the worst being the March 2012 killings of the District Commissioner, the Police Commander and several TFG soldiers in El Berde.
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