Typhoon Yolanda (Haiyan) 2013: Post-disaster Rapid Needs Assessment - Philippines, Province of Iloilo, North-Eastern Region
I. THE DISASTER
On November 8, 2013, Typhoon Yolanda (Haiyan), a super typhoon of unprecedented power , made landfall among the islands of the Philippines causing massive devastation across multiple islands. Particularly affected were many of the poorest communities whose already stressed circumstances were even further com promised by the storm. Yolanda decimated entire regions as it made landfall five times while crossing over the central Philippine islands.
The storm affected 4 provinces and 10,436 barangays in 575 municipalities when it hit land wit h sustained winds of 196mph and even stronger gusts which ripped off roofs, collapsed buildings, shattered windows and inundated coastal regions with an incredible storm surge. The storm surge swallowed houses and people, destroyed boats and fishing inputs and left the majority of homes either completely destroyed or uninhabitable .
In the aftermath, UNOCHA reports place the number of affected people at 13.28 million. As of the 22nd November 2013 , Haiyan has left dead 4,015 and has displaced 921,356 families/4,330,502 persons. Housing damage reports remain at 1,085,446 (536,313 completely destroyed with another 549,133 partially damaged). Millions of affected persons depend on daily food aid that is provided through local government units; and although food security remains a lower priority for most families; this could change very quickly if food distributions cease without first addressing the core issues surrounding loss of livelihood. Additionally with the extensive damage taken by schools, children have been out of class es and have not yet been able to resume daily activities which is further delaying their capacity to process grief and loss ; as such, many children were observed to be closed off and withdrawn.
Effects on Iloilo Province
The United Nations Disaster Assessment and Coordination (UNDAC) in Region VI reports that Iloilo province accounts for 42% of affected persons in Western Visayas with 674,719 persons ( 138,620 families). The province was placed under a state of national calamity on 11 November. The worst affected are the poorer municipalities located along the northeastern most coastlines of Iloilo, Carles, Estancia, Batad, San Dionisio, Sara and Concepcion , all belonging to Iloilo’s 5th Congressional district. Fishing villages along the coastlines of Iloilo are wiped out. Small - island villages are cut off from the mainland. M any houses are completely destroyed in addition to over 70,000 partially damaged structures (72,493 destroyed and 73,142 partially damaged). Emergency shelter, food, and livelihood support are urgently needed.