Social impact of TS Bopha in Davao Oriental and Compostella Valley
Typhoon Bopha (locally known as Typhoon Pablo) had its landfall on the eastern coast of Mindanao, in the southern Philippines, on 4 December 2012. Bopha has been categorized as the most powerful typhoon affecting Philippines during the 2012, with an accumulated rainfall of 500mm in 24 hours and sustained winds of 175 km per hour. TS Bopha left behind 6.2 million affected people; over 900,0002 displaced outside evacuation centers and close to 9,0003 people inside evacuation centers; 233,000 houses totally or partial damaged4, over 1,000 people dead and more that 800 missing persons; and extensive damage in 50 provinces, being the most affected the provinces of Davao Oriental, and Compostela Valley.
The President of the Philippines ordered the creation of a Task Force Pablo on January 8th 2013, lead by Cabinet Secretary Almendares to develop a Master Plan for the Early Recovery Strategic and Rehabilitation of Typhoon Pablo ravage areas, especially for the areas of the provinces of Davao Oriental and Compostela Valley.
In order to enhance the damage needs assessment, there is a need to incorporate a social impact analysis using the Human Recovery Needs Assessment (HRNA) approach to reflect qualitative data from impacted municipalities and communities. This additional component of the Strategic Plan will clearly show the social impacts of disasters among affected communities and their local governments.
A comprehensive multi-agency report (with the lead of WFP, and support form UNICEF,UNDP, FAO, ILO) entitled "Emergency Food Security, Nutrition and Livelihoods Assessment for Typhoon Bopha (Pablo)" is presently being finalized. The report's findings, which cover based on data collected during early January 2013, include the observation that over 800 households cite access to food, shelter and income as their most pressing concerns, and also their highest priorities for immediate support.
Many aspects of the household economy are examined in the report. The report emphasizes that diversification of income options, at least temporarily, will be important in restoring food and nutritional security, until traditional livelihoods are restored or alternative sustainable livelihood strategies is consolidated.