Shelter sector progress assessment in Mindanao, Philippines
- EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Typhoon Bopha (known in the Philippines as Pablo) made landfall on the island of Mindanao early on 4 December 2012 bringing heavy rain and wind gusts of up to 210 km/h (130mph). The typhoon’s high wind speed and flooding caused extensive damage to the housing stock and infrastructure and widespread disruption in power supply and communications. The final reported casualty total for Typhoon Bopha stands at nearly 1,150 people. Bopha comes a year after Tropical Storm Washi (known in the Philippines as Sendong) killed more than 1,500 people in southern Philippines.
Immediately following the typhoon in December, the humanitarian community and the Government of the Philippines identified shelter damage from high winds, flooding and landslides in the highland areas of Eastern Mindanao as a critical sectoral focus. DSWD estimated at the time that out of 46,831 totally destroyed houses, 21,166 (45%) were from Davao Oriental, while 25,462 (54%) were located in Compostela Valley. Similarly, almost 92% of all partially damaged houses were estimated to come from these two provinces.
Based on this information, the Shelter Cluster commissioned a rapid assessment in early December that covered the municipalities of Boston, Cateel and Baganga in Davao Oriental province and New Bataan municipality in Compostela Valley, all part of the Davao Region (Region XI). The results were published at the end of December in a report which was used to inform initial sector-level response and planning. The rapid assessment report is found in Annex 11.
Three months after the crisis, the Shelter Cluster commissioned this progress assessment in order to gauge the state of the response and identify any gaps that might remain. In addition to the municipalities in Region XI, the assessment targeted other areas identified as having been heavily affected by the typhoon – namely Agusan del Sur and Surigao del Sur provinces in the Caraga Region (Region XIII) and all municipalities in Compostela Valley province. Within the municipalities with the highest numbers of affected populations the progress assessment sampled barangays based on the reported level of shelter damage by DSWD (partially damaged or completely destroyed) across three different shelter response levels (100% of emergency caseload met, above 30% emergency caseload met, below 20% emergency caseload met) as reported by shelter cluster members. The selected barangays were then stratified by high and low reported damage levels and high and low concentrations of assistance provided.