Philippines: Typhoon Rammasun DREF operation n° MDRPH015 - Emergency Plan of Action (EPoA)

A. Situation analysis

Description of the disaster

Typhoon Rammasun (locally known as Glenda) made landfall over Lapu-Lapu in Albay province in the east of the Philippines in the late afternoon of Tuesday, 15 July. It crossed the Northern Capital Region (NCR) area on Wednesday morning of 16 July, pounding the Metro Manila area with strong winds and heavy rain, causing power outages and interrupting telecommunication lines in its path. Rammasun left the Philippine Area of Responsibility (PAR) on 17 July 2014 through the sea west of the country.

As of 24 July 2014, the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC),
Rammasun reports that four million people are affected in Ilocos Region, Central Luzon, Southern Luzon, Bicol Region, Western Visayas and Eastern Visayas. The typhoon has displaced half a million people with more than 27,000 people currently being housed in 108 evacuation centres, according to the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD).

The strongest typhoon to hit Philippines this year to date, Rammasun is reported to have killed some 100 people injured 630 others, and left five people missing. It is also reported to have destroyed more than 100,000 houses and damaged almost 400,000 others. The force of Rammasun uprooted trees and toppled electric posts, resulting in the interruption of power supply throughout the affected regions. Power has since been restored in most of the areas, though some parts of Batangas, Cavite, Laguna, Rizal and Quezon Province are still suffering power outages. As of 24 July, damages to agriculture, infrastructure and school facilities total an estimated PHP 10.8 billion (CHF 225 million or USD 250 million.)