Disaster-induced internal displacement in the Philippines - The case of Tropical Storm Washi/Sendong
This report, from a consortium of experienced international and Filipino actors, highlights the strengths and weaknesses of the response to the Sendong disaster and the recovery process. It describes in detail the Philippines’ developing corpus of laws on disaster risk reduction (DRR) and draws out linkages between disaster preparedness, disaster impacts, responses, displacement and the subsequent, often prolonged, search for durable solutions for internally displaced persons (IDPs).
The report includes contributions from staff of the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC), Green Mindanao, Civil Society Organization Forum for Peace, the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and Philippine Action for Community-led Shelter Initiatives, Inc.
The report is informed by the results and insights of surveys of several hundred people affected and displaced by Sendong, and interviews with key state and non-state actors. It shows that understanding how Sendong was transformed from a tropical storm into a major catastrophe must be based on an analysis of the physical, environmental, socio-economic, institutional and political factors that led to the disaster and post-disaster outcomes in northern Mindanao.