CCCM: Assessing and Responding to Needs in the Philippines
New information updated as of November 15th has shown a sharp increase in the number of people displaced by Typhoon Haiyan. The Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) has increased their estimate of the size of the affected population to 12.9 million people, with 1.9 million people displaced. While 4,038 evacuation centers were used at the height of relief operations, currently 1,146 evacuation centers remain open, serving 86,932 families, or 422,477 people. This leaves approximately 1.5 million displaced people staying outside evacuation centers, living with family and friends, in tent cities or spontaneous settlements, or in other circumstances. Movements of the displaced remain fluid, with significant numbers of people leaving Tacloban for Ormoc City and Cebu City daily.
The CCCM Cluster has thus far assessed 5 of the largest evacuation centers in Tacloban, with 24 evacuation centers remaining as listed by DSWD. Using the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM), food, water, health services, and non-food items (NFIs) were identified as priorities. The Cluster has secured 30,000 mattresses and 60,000 blankets for distribution in the evacuation centers of Tacloban, Ormoc, and Roxas. An additional 5,000 plastic sheets, NFI kits, and corrugated iron sheeting were delivered to Tacloban.
Displaced communities have reported disorganized relief distribution structures, and the need for more information. The CCCM Cluster conducted a camp management orientation to establish participative leadership structures among evacuation center residents. Some residents were identified as temporary camp leaders and were given the responsibility of collecting a master list of families living in their respective evacuation centers, to which residents reacted positively and have provided lists of families.
The CCCM Cluster, co-led by IOM and DSWD, has created a strategy targeting IDPs in evacuation centers, tent cities, and spontaneous sites, as well as populations willing to return to their places of origin. It will also allow partners to develop their own strategies in accordance with their respective mandates, while fitting within a common response framework. Key focuses of the strategy include:
•coordination of the effective delivery of services and aid in evacuation centers, tent cities and spontaneous settlement
•The facilitation of an effective and targeted humanitarian response by ensuring the provision of basic information regarding: 1) the displaced population and affected community, and 2) the conditions of evacuation centers, tent cities and spontaneous settlements
•Ensuring that living conditions in evacuation centers, tent cities and spontaneous settlements are rehabilitated/upgraded and properly managed to safely accommodate the displaced population
•The support of self-recovery and promotion of sustainable return to areas of origin, facilitating a return to normalcy within the affected community
•The provision of local assistance in contacting sectoral service providers able to cover gaps in assistance and address the urgent needs of the population in evacuation centers, tent cities and spontaneous settlements
To facilitate the achievement of these goals, the strategy identifies additional support activities, including
•Provide technical reviews of current and planned camps and advice to camp managers on site selection, site layout, camp governance, distribution procedures, and other issues
•Build the capacities of national authorities and cluster partners •Support the sharing of information and the establishment of management structures
•Augment existing capacities in gathering and consolidating data for the identification and analysis of needs and gaps
•Provide sustainable support to vulnerable population
•Support voluntary, safe, dignified, and sustainable return of displaced populations
The CCCM Cluster will work closely with the Shelter, WASH, Health, and other clusters to ensure target populations are prioritized for service delivery. As the situation continues to develop and more information becomes available, the strategy will be updated accordingly in close coordination with relevant stakeholders.