UNICEF Peru CO Humanitarian Situation Report #1

Report
from UN Children's Fund
Published on 24 Aug 2016

Highlights

• The province of Caylloma, in Arequipa was affected by a 5,2 magnitude earthquake on Sunday August 14th at 21:58.

• The seven most affected districts are Chivay, Achoma, Coporaque, Ichupampa, Maca, Madrigal y Yanque.

• As a result, there are 1,498 uninhabitable and 1,366 affected houses.

• Water supply collapsed in two districts. Shortage of water is also registered in the other five districts.

• Prevalence of IRAs and EDAs has increased of 63% on small children due to cold weather conditions and limited access to safe drinking water and hygiene supplies.

• Lack of psycho emotional support for children under the age of 3 and to their families.

• Water and sanitation affected or unavailable in 44 educational facilities.

• The Government has started its response on water supply, shelter and food delivery but they do not cover specific population needs as for children, pregnant and breastfeeding women.

SITUATION IN NUMBERS

August 24, 2016

Total population in Caylloma province is: 95,251 people
5,060 # of children affected out of
14,291 # people affected in the province of Caylloma
(Source: INEI/ 2016)

• # of people/children in need for each sector:
• WASH: 1,588 people and approximately 570 children without access to water
• Education: 2,970 students affected

UNICEF Funding requirements US$50,000

Situation Overview & Humanitarian

The province of Caylloma, in Arequipa, Peru has been affected by a 5,2 magnitude earthquake, as reported by the National Institute for Civil Defence (INDECI). The telluric movement was registered on Sunday August 14th at 21:58. It had 8 km depth, the epicentre was located at 10 km southeast from Chivay and its intensity was of III-IV, 15.68s latitude and 71.65w longitude.

The Colca Valley was the most affected region. It is a seismic zone with several active faults and volcanic activity. The region bases its economy on small scale agriculture, farming, trade and services. Tourism has experienced a significant boost in the last years with a positive impact on employment. The area also holds archaeological sites and cultural heritage constructions.

The Government of Peru has declared state of emergency in seven districts and started delivering tents to the affected population. They are moving gradually beyond the immediate emergency response to an intermediate solutions of temporary housing modules, until final reconstruction. This decision has been also motivated by the need to respond to the needs of affected population in the context of low temperature in the night during the winter season. The population is starting to repair their houses without proper guidance.

Health services report an important increase in acute respiratory infections (IRAs) due to extreme cold weather conditions experienced in the region that had caused already a declaration of state of emergency in June. Health services report an increase in diarrhoeal diseases (EDAs) given already poor condition of sanitation infrastructure which has been further damaged by the earthquake. In addition to the 2 districts where the water supply has been temporarily interrupted, of concern is the situation with damages to toilets and latrines in the affected areas and current lack of strategy to find sustainable solutions to the problem. Currently, also, there is little information available on water use and distribution.

Municipal Defence Centres for Children (DEMUNAS) report significant psychological and emotional impact on boys and girls in the affected areas. Addressing the psycho-social needs of children is seen as the priority intervention in the sector of child protection, especially given only the limited provision of adequate assistance in the days following the earthquake. Furthermore, education officials have suspended classes in schools for the period of 8 days. First estimates provided by the Ministry of Education indicates that 44 classrooms were damaged and would need repairs of destroyed infrastructure as well as intervention to ensure provision and delivery of water and sanitation in schools.

The earthquake had a severe impact on livelihoods of the affected populations. More than 15 km of irrigation channels had been destroyed and 21 km are at risk of collapsing, which will impact directly on the risk of crop failure and food safety in the short term. Likewise, the earthquake has already had an impact on tourism.