A Report on Rapid Shelter Assessment in Baga, Kukawa LGA - 3 January 2017
As of 31 December 2016, the Shelter team of IOM Maiduguri undertaken a preliminary and general shelter assessment in Baga. The assessment conducted by the team follows an approach to work based on age, gender and socio-cultural diversity present in the displacement sites. This assessment should eventually contribute to a better information and documentation of all stakeholders on the impact of interventions and responses to the affected population, the gap identified, prospects and action to follow up in conjunction with the beneficiaries. The main sectors and Items addressed during this assessment are related to aspects of emergency shelter and WASH.
The ongoing and potential influx of IDPs into Baga town from the shores of Lake Chad and surrounding areas would see an increased need for humanitarian aid, particularly in the sectors of Shelter, where gaps are to be identified by the sectors.
The objectives of the assessment are to:
- Identify the emergency Shelter needs and gaps for the most vulnerable IDPs within Baga town;
- Serve as basis for more in-depth Shelter assessment and further project design.
Data collection in the field was carried out through key informant interviews, and field observations together with IDPs in Baga.
- Visit of infrastructures (direct observation)
- Discussion with IDP representatives
- Discussion with military commander
3.1 Key Informant Interviews:
The key informant (KI) interviews were carried out on 31 December 2016. KI interviews were conducted with IDPs within the displaced area, each representing a different cluster of households. The interviewees were selected according to their availability. All IDPs interviewed had been living in the area for a sustained period of time. The majority of those interviewed were men. The average size of families consisted of 5 persons.
3.2 Field Observation:
The team also made random observations to assess the general living conditions and availability of space for shelter construction.
The current situation of IDPs is very volatile, with many new IDPs coming and predicted to arrive to Baga in near future. The total number of IDPs is likely to have increased citing the need to provide enough shelters.
4. Key Findings:
Baga is a town in the northern Borno approximately 196km from Maiduguri and close to Lake Chad. It is located within the Kukawa Local Government Area. Town Coordinates: 13.094N 13.821E.
IDPs are living mostly in the host community in Baga town occupying homes of people who fled away during the peak of the insurgency. The IDPs who are residing in the host community are estimated to be 7200 and these comprise 1440 families.
There are 700 IDPs comprising 140 families who are currently living in Baga Central Primary school. This is a collective centre where IDPs are living in overcrowded conditions in school buildings.
The IDPs have maintained their traditional leadership structures (Bulamas) which continue to liase with the Nigerian army on matters of concern for both parties. The Nigerian army is the one administering and managing the affairs of the displaced population.
The assessment team visited the "Doron Baga" ward, where quite significant number of severely damaged buildings were found. Damages were widely distributed across the ward, with multiple clusters of near total building destruction. Virtually all building damages exhibit signatures fully consistent with fire, including the presence of burn scars, destroyed trees as well as intact load-bearing walls without a roof.
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