Nigeria Weekly Humanitarian Situation Report No. 17, 22-31 December 2016
159,819 children under 5 with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) have been admitted to therapeutic feeding programmes, with a recovery rate of 86 per cent.
In 2016, 4.2 million people were reached with primary health care services through UNICEF-supported Government-run health centres and clinics in both IDP camps and affected communities.
With UNICEF support, nearly 745,000 people have access to safe water. Over 1.1 million people have access to sanitation facilities as per agreed standards and more than one million people benefitted through hygiene promotion and distribution of hygiene kits/NFI.
In 2016, psychosocial support through Child Friendly Spaces (CFSs) and child clubs reached 185,839 children.
With UNICEF’s support, 106,882 children are accessing education through Temporary Learning Spaces and schools, and 187,142 children have benefitted from the provision of learning materials.
Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs
The IOM Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) round XIII recorded trends of new displacement and significant return, with an overall three per cent decrease in IDPs in Adamawa, Bauchi, Borno, and Yobe states. Returns are mainly attributable to relative improvements in security combined with food shortages in IDP camps. Maiduguri Metropolitan Council (MMC), which still hosts the largest IDP population, saw almost 10% reduction in the number of IDPs who left to return to their LGA of origin, hereby registering an increase. The majority is not returning to their locality of origin but to the LGA headquarters instead, creating a situation of secondary displacement. In the frame of its scale-up intervention, UNICEF is continuing to respond to needs in the areas of return which require additional support and intensified humanitarian aid.
With 5.1 million people in IPC Phases 3 to 5 in parts of Borno, Adamawa and Yobe, the population facing severe food insecurity increased by 50 per cent since March 2016. Malnutrition rates remain high and children under five are most vulnerable. 400,000 children suffer from severe acute malnutrition and 75,000 are at risk of death. The number of children suffering from SAM is expected to rise to 450,000 in 2017 for those three states .
Reports from the LGA Education Authorities indicate that in out-laying wards of Pulka (Gwoza LGA) and Banki (Bama LGA), over 3,000 children lack adequate classrooms, learning materials and teaching staff. As a result of limited access to these locations and due to insecurity, little support has been provided so far. UNICEF Education conducted the first visit to Banki during this reporting period and assessed the situation. It was revealed that in these newly liberated areas, schools starts as and still are mere learning centres that provide non-formal kind of education which is offered by the military educators. With regard to other locations within LGA main towns, there is ever-growing numbers of IDP returnees thereby necessitating expansion of education services.
The upcoming Humanitarian Response Plan for 2017 will target 6.9 million people living in the three most affected states of Adamawa, Borno and Yobe, who require immediate life-saving assistance. Of these, 1.7 million are IDPs living in camps, informal settlements and host communities with 75,000 children at risk of severe acute malnutrition. In line with the 2017 Humanitarian Response Plan, UNICEF’s focus remains on these three states to provide critical life-saving humanitarian assistance to nearly four million people in Nutrition, Health, WASH, Child Protection and Education sectors.