Nigeria – North-East: Humanitarian Emergency Situation Report No. 10, 30 April 2017
Currently, there are 4.7 million estimated food insecure people in the country’s most crisis-affected states (Borno, Adamawa and Yobe). This number is expected to rise to 5.2 million between June and August if adequate measures are not put in place.
The findings of the Household Economic Approach (HEA) exercise were released in late April, revealing that almost 3 out of 4 IDPs (73 per cent) are unable to fully meet their daily kilo calorie needs (2100 kcal per day), even while engaging in negative coping strategies such as begging and prostitution.
Over 2,500 persons were newly displaced during the reporting period, the majority of whom were recorded in Dikwa (around 800), Gwoza (around 700) and Bama (around 500).
Education needs assessments were carried out across the north-east, especially in areas where the IDP population has increased recently.
In Adamawa, Borno and Yobe, partners are supporting the state Ministry of Health and the state primary health care agency in the preparedness process for the looming cerebro-spinal meningitis (CSM) epidemic that has already affected at least five states in Nigeria.
Lack of funding continues to severely limit the response, in particular the Food Security, Nutrition, Health and Early Recovery sectors, each less than 10 per cent funded.
Insecurity in the North-East continues to cause large-scale population displacement, and to restrict or hamper livelihood activities such as farming and trade, worsening an already dire food security situation and leading to heavy inflation of staple food prices. In April, while there was a reduction in the number of returnees compared to March, returning refugees continue to trickle in from neighbouring countries (15,628 this month alone), further stretching the emergency services in place.
While progress was made to establish camp committees and gap monitoring mechanisms, the living conditions in IDP camps remain highly inadequate. In 37 camps out of the 207 displacement sites for example, 172,800 IDPs were living without adequate or in overcrowded shelters. Lack of sufficient safe drinking water is also a major concern.
The impending onset of the rainy and lean season (June through September) is expected to further exacerbate the shelter and food crisis, as well as health and sanitation risks. It will also limit humanitarian access. Currently, thereare 4.7 million estimated food insecure people in the most affected states (Borno, Adamawa and Yobe) and this number is expected to rise to 5.2 million between June and August. The flood vulnerability mapping indicates that about 59 camps could be exposed to flooding hazards, as they are located along or close to water flow accumulation areas. Strong winds and rainstorms have already destroyed hundreds of shelter units, more than 50 temporary learning spaces, and dozens of latrines in late April in Borno and Yobe. Partners are working to rebuild, reinforce facilities, communicate on health hazard prevention and preposition goods across the three most affected states.
Despite all these challenges, aid groups are working around the clock to scale up activities, especially in the newly accessible areas where nutrition partners, for example, are carrying out an increasing number of rapid response missions for malnutrition screenings and, when necessary, referrals to treatment centres. To facilitate the scaling up of aid operations, a second humanitarian hub in Gwoza has been completed. Finally, holistic early recovery activities are underway with a strong focus on 1/ livelihood stabilization, 2/ community services and peace building, 3/ community infrastructure reconstruction, and 4/ participatory planning for basic services.
Nonetheless, severe funding gaps in all sectors continue to heavily constrain the response scale-up. Therefore, the timely disbursement of urgent financial support is needed to sustain an efficient and effective response and to prevent the worsening of the humanitarian situation during the critical lean season.
To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.