Nigeria Humanitarian Sitrep No. 11, 1-15 June 2017

Report
from UN Children's Fund
Published on 15 Jun 2017

Highlights

  • IOM displacement tracking matrix (DTM) Round XVI (May 2017) estimates a total of 1.74 million people are still internally displaced across the three north eastern states of Adamawa, Borno and Yobe.

  • As of 12 June, UNHCR have registered 19,227 refugee returnees in Banki alone since the beginning of the year increasing the population of Banki to around 43,000 people.

  • In 2017, a total of 2.1 million consultations have taken place in the primary health centres (PHC) facilities in camps and host communities, of which 210,583 were reached during this reporting period.

  • To reduce the risk of cholera outbreak during the rainy season, UNICEF and its partner CIDAR chlorinated 680 water sources to benefit 311,000 people.

  • Eight new CMAM centres were established in Borno to support 21,000 children in host communities with improved access to nutritional support. In 2017 so far 54,170 children under 5 with SAM were admitted for treatment.

  • UNICEF psychosocial support reached 47,359 children since the beginning of the year, of which 2,042 were reached during this reporting period.

Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs

The IOM DTM Round XVI (May 2017) estimates that a total of 1.74 million people are still internally displaced across the three north eastern states of Adamawa, Borno and Yobe, of which 85 per cent are in Borno alone. Children represent 56 per cent of the total IDP population. As of 12 June, UNHCR have registered 19,227 refugee returnees in Banki alone since the beginning of the year increasing the population of Banki to around 43,000 people. In addition, during the reporting period, 818 refugees arrived in Banki and were transferred the following day to Pulka, their LGA of origin. The priority needs for the refugee returnees are shelter, health and nutrition services, provision of food and safe water.

Heavy storms with very strong winds, characteristic of the rainy season, continue to cause serious damage in the camps and host communities across Borno and Yobe states. During the reporting period, a total of 55 temporary learning spaces (TLS) have been damaged by the storms (41 in Yobe and 14 in Borno) affecting access to education for 2,000 children.

In Rann IDP camp, 30 temporary learning spaces (TLS) have been occupied by IDPs and another six were damaged by strong winds. In Dikwa, out of 15 TLS, four were damaged disrupting learning of more than 2,400 children. The repeated damage on TLS is due to the open terrain and very heavy storms uprooting shelters and public properties. The most effective solution to this recurrent challenge is the establishment of permanent structures and rehabilitation of damaged school buildings. Heavy rainfalls are increasing the scope of the flooded areas in camps as well as associated health issues.

An outbreak of Hepatitis E is affecting 3 LGAs with 72 cases reported and 22 laboratory confirmed cases in Ngala (11), Mobbar (7) and Monguno (4). UNICEF is working through the Health and the WASH sectors to review the Hepatitis E containment plan and the Operational Response Plan.

Between 1st and 6th June, an episode of gastroenteritis in Fufore IDP camp resulted in reported 17 cases affecting seven children and 10 adults in Adamawa state. No deaths, nor new cases were recorded. This episode was attributed to an increase in open defecation in the camp and delayed feeding by NEMA resulting in mothers feeding their children with previous days’ leftover food to satisfy children before the NEMA served meals. In view of this, mass sensitization on hygiene and personal hygiene is ongoing in the camps; in addition, health workers based in the camps have been oriented on management of cholera and gastroenteritis.