Humanitarian Action for Children 2017 - Niger
Total affected population: 1.9 million
Total affected children: 1.1 million
Total people to be reached in 2017: 880,000
Total children to be reached in 2017: 729,700
The Niger continues to face multiple humanitarian crises, with needs projected to grow in the coming years. It is estimated that in 2017, more than 1.9 million people will be affected by at least one crisis, including food insecurity and malnutrition, population movement, epidemics and natural disasters. The Diffa region, currently hosting 221,790 displaced people from the Niger and Nigeria due to Boko Haram-related insecurity, will continue to be affected, with an estimated 340,000 people expected to require humanitarian assistance in 2017. It is envisaged that needs in the region will remain acute across all sectors, exacerbated by weak infrastructure and sub-optimal links with transitional and development interventions. At the national level, despite an average harvest season, an estimated 1.3 million people will require food assistance and 1.5 million will require nutritional assistance, including 247,500 children affected by severe acute malnutrition (SAM). Epidemic outbreaks, particularly measles, meningitis and cholera, and natural disasters are expected to impact 872,000 people, including 479,600 children under five.
In 2017, UNICEF's humanitarian strategy will focus on the SAM response, including infant and young child feeding, targeting 247,500 children country-wide, as well as a multi-sectoral response to the 345,000 affected people in Diffa. Opportunities for developing more effective links between humanitarian response and regular programmes will be prioritized, particularly with safe water access, where water trucking will be combined with longer-term solutions such as deep boreholes connected with multi-village distribution systems and solar systems for pump functioning. Preparedness efforts will be maintained for epidemic outbreaks and floods, and contingency stocks will be maintained for the water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) cluster in Diffa. UNICEF will continue to support the coordination of the WASH, education, nutrition and child protection sectors. The Rapid Response Mechanism (RRM), which incorporates non-food items (NFI) and WASH interventions, will be strengthened. Regular risk analysis will allow UNICEF to update contingency plans and improve preparedness. Prevention efforts will continue in all sectors, and tighter collaboration among child protection, education and Communication for Development will be established in Diffa. In health, mobile and fixed strategies will target 105,000 children in Diffa. At the national level, UNICEF will support the vaccination of 500,000 children aged 0 to 11 months.