Executive Brief: Desert Locust threat in the Sahel 2012 (10 July 2012)
Agricultural crop production, food and nutrition security, and livelihoods of some million people in Chad, Mali and Niger are currently threatened by Desert Locust infestations, the most serious since 2005.
Locust numbers could increase 250 times by the end of the summer in West Africa; insecurity and lack of access in locust-affected areas limit survey and control operations.
Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger already face an expected shortfall in food production this year.
If control operations are not effective in Niger, Mali and Chad this summer, numerous swarms could form and invade Mauritania, Algeria, Libya, and, perhaps, Morocco from October onwards.
Funds are urgently required so that national locust control units can carry out operations and FAO can ensure proper overall emergency campaign coordination.
Action must be taken now to protect the summer crops, contribute to food and nutrition security, safeguard the environment and reduce potential swarm migration to adjacent countries.