Nicaragua Flash Appeal Revision 2011
- EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
During the last two weeks of October 2011, heavy rains associated with Tropical Depression 12E caused flooding and landslides throughout Nicaragua. National emergency was declared by the president Daniel Ortega on October 17. Due to the magnitude of the damage caused by the flooding, the Government requested the activation of the international assistance mechanisms managed by the United Nations.
The latest assessment (October 28) organized by the Government concluded that 87 of 153 municipalities of the country suffered damages, while 148,530 people were affected. The most affected departments of the country are Estelí, Chinandega, Madriz, Nueva Segovia, Jinotega,
Matagalpa and Managua. The affected population suffered damages to their property, agricultural crops and other livelihoods. In the meantime, vital infrastructure and the environment were also severely damaged.
Data from needs assessments conducted by the government with UN agencies indicate that, 50 days after Tropical Depression 12E struck Nicaragua; more than 100,000 people remain in need of humanitarian and early recovery assistance.
According to official data provided by the Government through the National System for Attention, Mitigation and Prevention of Disasters, the value of the damages and losses amount to more than US$445 million, which equals 6.8% of the GDP in 2010. The most affected sectors are infrastructure, housing and agricultural production.
Since the beginning of the disaster, a nationwide coordinated effort focused on the provision of emergency aid (food and non-food items, safe water and health assistance) to the affected population, especially to people in shelters.
Analysis based on the various needs assessments conducted, shows that the areas requiring additional attention in the coming months are food security, water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) and the early recovery. However, needs persist for people remaining in shelters and for some affected communities, whom will require continued assistance in the health and shelter sectors. In the meantime, activities related to protection of women, children and adolescents will be mainstreamed within the response of all sectors.
The revised Flash Appeal seeks requirements for $14,840,854 until April 2012 to continue to address the immediate and early recovery needs of the 100,000 most vulnerable people still in need of emergency assistance. With $4.2 million in funding for the Appeal so far, this still leaves $10.6 million to be raised. The United Nations System in Nicaragua will continue to provide both financial and technical assistance to ensure strengthened capacity for the continuum from emergency to recovery, rehabilitation and development.
To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.