El Salvador, Honduras, and Nicaragua Remote Monitoring Update, September 2013
Irregular rainfall affects regional Primera season crop production
Due to production losses arising from irregular rainfall in July and August in surplus areas in Honduras, prices could steadily rise in Honduras and in neighboring countries towards the end of the year.
The Primera harvest will begin in August/September and will allow households in El Salvador and Nicaragua to maintain Minimum (IPC Phase 1) acute food insecurity through December this year.
Damage to the Primera harvest will reduce reserves by the end of the year, but the Postrera harvest and coffee labor are alternatives to help households meet their food needs.
However, employment in the coffee harvest will be reduced due to the impact of rust, leaving this population with Stressed (IPC Phase 2) food security outcomes in early 2014.
The last two months of the rainy season will be above average, which may affect the Postrera harvest by incurring damages to both planting seasons for staple grain crops, impacting poor households mainly in Honduras which will experience Stressed conditions (IPC Phase 2). Because of localized damages to staple crops in El Salvador and Nicaragua, they will maintain Minimum acute food insecurity (IPC Phase 1).
The re-seeding and recepa pruning (cutting trees back to a height of 10 inches off the ground) on coffee plantations affected by rust will result in reduced production areas, involving losses of approximately 455,550 jobs in the three countries in the region. This will have an impact on the migrant day labor population in subsistence coffee production areas.