2017 Myanmar Humanitarian Response Plan: January - December 2017
FOREWORD BY THE HUMANITARIAN COORDINATOR
A new democratically-elected Government, with Daw Aung San Suu Kyi as State Counsellor, took over in Myanmar in April 2016, ushering in a new period of optimism in the country and internationally. As the country continues its democratic transition and its political and economic reforms, it is encouraging to see progress being made on a many fronts. The Government moved quickly to convene a “21st Century Panglong” peace conference in line with its stated commitment to advancing the peace process. It also demonstrated its willingness to tackle some of the difficult unresolved issues in the country by establishing bodies such as the Advisory Commission on Rakhine, led by former United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan.
Despite these positive developments, the country continues to face many challenges. About 218,000 people – of whom about 80 percent are women and children – remain internally displaced in camps and host villages in Kachin, Shan and Rakhine states as a result of conflict, violence and intercommunal tensions. Helping them to survive and live with dignity during their displacement, and finding longer term durable solutions for all of them, is a major challenge. On top of this, many people were newly displaced in Myanmar in 2016 and there are also many other conflict-affected vulnerable people who lack access to services and who continue to need protection and assistance. To compound this further, people in Myanmar remain highly vulnerable to natural disasters including cyclones, tropical storms and earthquakes. Myanmar is one of the most disaster prone countries in Asia.
The United Nations and its partners have jointly developed this Humanitarian Response Plan, in consultation with the Government, to guide and inform their activities in the country over the next year. It is based on information from many different sources, including the Government and national institutions, as well as assessments carried out by humanitarian organizations and other stakeholders.
The number of people targeted for assistance in this plan is 525,000, down from just over a million people in 2016.
The overall funding requested for the 2017 Humanitarian Response Plan is US$150 million, down from US$190 million in 2016. This reflects the end of the humanitarian response to the 2015 floods, as well as efficiencies resulting from new modes of delivery in some cases and stronger links with ongoing development work.
In keeping with outcomes of this year’s World Humanitarian Summit, the 2017 Humanitarian Response Plan lays out a framework for implementing the UN Secretary-General’s ‘Agenda for Humanity’ in Myanmar. This includes a commitment from the Humanitarian Country Team to work more closely with the Government to build national capacity, particularly in disaster preparedness and response. It also includes strong support for localization efforts with a focus on the role of national and local civil society in humanitarian work. Emphasis is placed on the need to listen more closely to the needs of affected communities and to bridging humanitarian and development work, while maintaining full respect for humanitarian principles.
The 2017 Humanitarian Response Plan is part of a broader engagement by the United Nations and its partners to ensure that all people affected by conflict, violence, insecurity and/or natural disasters have access to the protection and assistance they need, with a particular focus on vulnerable people including women and children, the sick, the elderly and people with disabilities. I look forward to continuing to work closely with the Government, local authorities and with the broad range of humanitarian and development actors over the coming year to address these needs.
I would like to thank the donors and partners who continue to support our humanitarian work in Myanmar. I would also like to acknowledge the dedication and hard work of all our humanitarian colleagues – most of whom are national staff – who do so much to help people in need, while working in difficult and sometimes dangerous circumstances.
United Nations Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator
To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.