Mozambique: Strategic Drought Response Plan 2016

SUMMARY

Mozambique is facing severe drought in the Southern and Central region of the country affecting approximately 1.5 million people. Due to the seriousness of the situation, the Government activated the institutional red alert in the most drought affected provinces such as, Tete, Sofala, Gaza, Inhambane and Maputo aiming to intensify and expand the response actions, disburse additional funds planned for emergency situations and mobilize additional resources through the cooperating partners.

The main priority sectors for immediate assistance in the affected provinces are food security, WASH and nutrition. The current response actions are covering only 1/5 of the people in need of food assistance and to cover the 1.5 million people till the next harvest in March 2017 it is needed at least USD 150 million. The nutrition situation is worrisome mainly in Tete and Sofala provinces with children and pregnant women in need of nutritional treatment to prevent increased mortality.

About 18% of the cultivated area was lost due to drought affecting 500,000 farmers and in need of agricultural inputs to restore the livelihood activities. Furthermore, it is estimated that at least 500,000 people are in need of safe drinking water in affected areas.

The current plan aims to complement the government efforts in the drought response and address the main gaps identified. The total estimated funding required to implement the plan is 190.5 million USD.

The plan has three strategic objectives namely:

  1. Provide immediate life-saving and life-sustaining assistance to the population affected by droughts through provision of essential commodities;

  2. Support the restoration of livelihoods of the drought-affected population through resilience-building activities

  3. Ensure the mainstreaming of cross cutting issues (Resilience initiatives and Gender) in drought response through coordination among the HCT members and with the government in the assessment, implementation and monitoring of the response.

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