Mozambique: Humanitarian Situation Report, February 2017

Report
from UN Children's Fund
Published on 28 Feb 2017

Highlights:

  • 2.1 million people are facing food and nutrition insecurity in Mozambique as the effects of El Niño continue to impact the country.

  • 190,888 children screened for acute malnutrition and 12,161 severely acute malnourished (SAM) treated by UNICEF and Ministry of Health trained mobile brigades.

  • Cyclone DINEO affected over 550,000 people and killed 7. Over 1,600 classrooms were partially or totally destroyed, affecting 160,000 learners.

  • A Flash Appeal was issued on 28 February for US$10.2 million, which included US$2.5 million for Education for which UNICEF is the lead. The response is mostly focused on supporting temporary learning spaces and emergency repairs in classrooms to enable 100,000 children to return to school.

  • UNICEF is supporting the Government’s cholera response. As of March 7 2017, 698 cases were confirmed along with two deaths.

  • UNICEF supported a polio vaccination campaign in 14 districts, mostly in Zambezia province.

SITUATION IN NUMBERS

795,000 Children affected by drought

160,000 Students affected by cyclone DINEO

2,100,000 People food insecure (IPC Phase 3) (SETSAN December 2016)

145,040 People targeted by UNICEF WASH

189,000 Children targeted by UNICEF Nutrition and Health interventions

55,000 Children targeted by Education and Protection interventions

UNICEF Appeal 2017
US$ 7.93 million 47% under funded

Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs

The number of people currently affected by food and nutrition insecurity in Mozambique as a result of the El Niño drought has risen from 1.5 million in September 2016 to 2.1 million according to a report by the Technical Secretariat for Food Security and Nutrition (SETSAN) released in January 2017. It is also expected that a significant number of people will require continued humanitarian assistance after the harvest. On 15 February 2017, Tropical Cyclone Dineo made landfall in Mozambique, affecting 550,000 people, mostly in the southern provinces of Gaza and Inhambane. Cyclone Dineo reached winds speeds up to 170km/h, resulting in over US$15 million in relief and early recovery needs, with education and health among the most affected sectors. In addition, heavy rains in the southern and central provinces of Inhambane and Sofala resulted in the localized floods and the displacement of 3,300 people and isolation of an additional 3,662 with cut off access to basic services. On 28 February 2017, the Humanitarian Country Team issued a Flash Appeal for the Dineo Cyclone Response for a total of US$10.2 million, which included US$2.5 million for Education for which UNICEF is the lead.

There is an ongoing cholera outbreak in Maputo and Nampula provinces, and an outbreak of polio in Zambezia province. While there was a growing expectation that the number of internally displaced people (IDPs) would reduce significantly following the military truce reached between the government and the opposition military forces, the February displacement tracking matrix (DTM) exercise in which UNICEF participated in Manica province highlights that the number of conflict-driven IDPs remain almost stagnant, with 15,128 IDPs in November 2016 versus 15,121 in February 2017.