Mozambique floods 2015 - Response and Recovery proposal
1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
On 12 January 2015, the Council of Ministers of Mozambique declared an institutional red alert for central and northern Mozambique.
Flooding caused by extremely heavy rains in January 2015 surpassed the Mozambican government’s capacity to respond to the emergency with the means and resources planned in the 2014/ 2015 National Contingency Plan for the Rainy Season. The Contingency Plan is the Government of Mozambique’s standing emergency preparedness and response arrangement and explicitly includes the role and contributions of the HCT. When the institutional Red Alert was issued, the government requested that HCT assistance is activated and that HCT mobilize necessary support from humanitarian actors and development partners. This Response and Recovery Proposal is in response to that request.
Over 160,000 people, including 50,000 internally displaced (IDPs), were affected by flooding mainly in Zambézia, Nampula and Niassa provinces. Significant damage to infrastructure, including bridges and roads, is making access to affected districts - in Zambézia in particular - and delivery of immediate life-saving assistance an enormous challenge for the GoM through the National Institute for Disaster Management (INGC) and the humanitarian partners.
Public transport, basic infrastructure such as houses, schools, health centres, bridges, roads and telecommunications networks, have been severely damaged. In these conditions, the return of affected communities to normality, as well as restoring basic conditions for trade and transport, will result from mid to long-term recovery process. Approximately 65,000 hectares of crops were washed away, placing about 65,000 families at risk of food insecurity. Zambézia and Nampula were hardest hit, with 126,612 and 19,500 affected people respectively. As of 4 February, 43,600 people in Zambézia are hosted in 29 accommodation centres (30,651) and 17 resettlement sites (12,551), as defined by GoM. In Niassa Province, 3 accommodation centres are hosting 404 people. Overall, approximately 19,600 houses were totally or partially destroyed, along with 1,641 classrooms. The current death toll is at 158 in all affected provinces.