EU development cooperation with Mozambique
Reference: MEMO/12/573 Date: 18/07/2012
Brussels, 18 July 2012
The main areas of cooperation between the EU and Mozambique - which has increased over the past few years - include rural development, transport infrastructure and regional economic integration, as well as support for the overall economy (macro-economic stability).
They also cover health, governance, energy, water and the private sector; as well as trade related assistance. The overall amount of EU funding over the period of 2008-2013 is €722.6 million. Around 50% of funds are delivered through general budget support.
Visit to the city of Beira
On 20 July, President Barroso and Commissioner Piebalgs will visit the port city of Beira, an important economic hub for Mozambique and the Southern African hinterland. The EU has carried out numerous projects in and around the city.
The Beira Corridor Project
The main access link between the port of Beira and the interior of Mozambique and its hinterland (Zimbabwe, Zambia, and Malawi) is provided by the Beira corridor. It is an important gateway for cargo transport in the region and despite refurbishment in the recent past, the port and its access form a major bottleneck for regional transport and trade.
Rehabilitation of the transport infrastructure of the Beira corridor has been carried out, with support from the EU Africa Infrastructure Trust Fund. This included work on the Sena railway line that had been closed for over 20 years due to the civil war and was reopened in 2011. In addition, the Beira port access channel has been restored.
The cost of the entire project, which is co-financed by the European Investment Bank, amounted to around €190 million. Since 2008, the capacity of the port has tripled and currently almost 2000 trucks leave and arrive every day in the city of Beira.
Vocational training at BEIRA NAVE
In this local workshop for ship repairs, about 28 young graduates from the National Professional Training Institute (INEFP) of Beira city are currently working as trainees or permanent employees. This is the result of an EU-funded project implemented by the French NGO ESSOR.
The BEIRA NAVE workshop represents an example of EU support to the vocational training of vulnerable young people in Mozambique. In its dry dock - the largest in the country - more than 100 ships and boats, mostly national fishing vessels, are repaired and maintained every year.
The Beira waste water treatment plant
For many years, sanitation in Beira had been in a disastrous situation, with regular flooding and high pollution. Thanks to €53 million in support from the European Development Fund, this recently opened waste water treatment plant will significantly improve the water quality of the river Pungwe and the coastal water, benefitting fishing, tourism and the population's health in general. Other components of EU support include the cleaning and inspection of 165km of pipes, the construction of 12 km of additional pipes, as well as pumping stations and sea outlets.
Other examples of EU projects in Mozambique
Maputo Water Supply Project
Maputo is the capital and largest city of Mozambique and its wider area has a population of 1.8 million. The project (Commission contribution: €25 million) aims to improve water supply services in the greater Maputo area by supporting the continuing development and rehabilitation of the city’s water supply system. This will meet increasing water demand and increase service coverage, from 670,000 to 1,500,000 people.
The project will expand water production capacity by from 4000 to 10.000 m³/hour, increase daily time of supply from 4 to 20 hours, reduce unaccounted-for water from 62% to 40% and increase network coverage towards peri-urban areas: from 1125 km to 1627 km of installed network.
This programme is complemented by the Kubasisa Muganga project ("Clean the Neighbourhood"), which focuses on safe water, sanitation and hygiene in the peri-urban zones of Maputo. Supported by the Commission with €2 million it will build 20 water kiosks, where safe water can be collected, construct over 6000 latrines and 7 school toilet blocks. Overall, it is expected to provide safe water to an additional 46,000 inhabitants and create sanitation facilities for 55,434 people.
Improving access to energy services in Mozambique
Supported with Commission funding of €2.5 million, a project in four isolated rural communities in Northern Mozambique (Muipite, Meloco, N'cumbe, Chipene) is installing a total of 950 solar panels to electrify eight schools, four health centres and 938 households. 89,000 people will benefit from the installations, which will allow longer opening hours for businesses, better storage of vaccines in health centres and improve quality of life for the general population.
In the Cabo Delgado province, an EU grant of €4 million supports the electrification of this rural region by linking it to the national grid. By the end of 2011, 2531 households, seven hospitals/health centres, six schools and five water pumping stations had been connected. The electrification rate in the region has more than tripled since 2007, to 10.7%
Increasing food security in Mozambique
Mozambique's agricultural sector has the potential to be an important engine for economic growth but is often characterized by low productivity. A project of the EU Food Facility that ran in the three districts of Nhamatanda, Buzi and Marracuene (EU funding 1.2 million) recently helped to increase agricultural production and improve food security in these rural areas. 14 small irrigation systems were rehabilitated, covering a surface of 350 hectares. Five warehouses and 20 silos were built to improve storage conditions. 1350 families received subsidized seeds and fertilizers. A number of training courses were carried on farming conditions, processing techniques and marketing.
A project that focused on improved crop storage and seed production in Northern Mozambique (EU funding: €1.3 million) trained and supported 600 seed producers, 150 farming associations and 300 community development councils on topics such as post-harvest technologies, quality seed production and seed bank management. 38,000 rural family households benefited from reduced grain losses and better access to quality seeds. More than 90 community-owned seed banks have been established, providing quality seeds to 10,000 farmers.
For further information
IP/12/801 – President Barroso and Commissioner Piebalgs in Mozambique