Food insecurity: Revised Emergency Appeal n° MDRMR004
This revised Emergency Appeal seeks CHF 1,794,192 in cash, kind or services, to support the Mauritanian Red Crescent (MRC) to assist 42,000 beneficiaries (75,000 including beneficiaries covered by the French Red Cross) for 12 months, and will be completed by December 2012. An interim six-month consolidated report will be submitted in July 2012 and a final report will be made available in March 2013, three months after the end of the operation.
CHF 200,000 was allocated from the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent (IFRC) Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) in December to support this operation. Unearmarked funds to replenish DREF are encouraged.
The food insecurity situation in Mauritania continues to be of concern. The levels of cereal production deficit and of malnutrition identified in recent government assessments and confirmed by the staff and volunteers on the Mauritanian Red Crescent (MRC) in recent field visits, highlights that the there is still the threat of a severe food security crisis in the country. A recent UN survey highlighted that 700,000 people or more are at risk of food insecurity over the coming weeks, with a number of these (up to 110,000) being children.
Over the past weeks, the National Society has been implementing the planned assistance outlined in the preliminary emergency appeal and supported by the DREF start up funding. Due to limited funding and the many challenges of logistics and human resource capacity in a vast country such as Mauritania, the National Society has focused much of its efforts in the regions of Brakna and Gorgol (the latter in close cooperation with the French Red Cross).
Based on recent assessments made by MRC, supported by IFRC, the National Society has now decided to revise the focus and extent of its emergency appeal. The initial appeal targeted Brakna, Gorgol, Guidimaka, Assaba, Hod Garhbi and Hod Chargui regions and aimed to target 10,000 households across the six regions. To focus the National Society’s efforts and resources, MRC has decided to focus on two of the six regions (Brakna and Gorgol) in the first phase, extending its coverage in these two regions to reach 12,500 households. Further to funding received and the needs/ capacities present, MRC will consider extending their operation to a second phase conditional in the regions of Guidimaka and Assaba, based on assessments. Both Hod Garbhi and Hod Chargui are areas now classified as red zones and the National Society will not work there for security reasons unless the ¬ situation improves.
The National Society is working closely with the French Red Cross (CRF) as well as IFRC in this response. As part of the focus on Brakna and Gorgol region, MRC and IFRC will focus on the Brakna region, while CRF is focusing on the Gorgol region. The choice Brakna is justified in particular by the fact that it is the region with the highest rate of moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) of the regions covered by this appeal. Working together and supported by both IFRC and CRF, the National Society will assist 12,500 households in the two regions – 5,500 in Gorgol with CRF and 7,000 in Brakna with IFRC.
Within Brakna, MRC and IFRC will focus their support on the Maghta Lehjar department, a remote area where there are no other actors currently working and where there are few humanitarian or infrastructural support systems. In this, MRC will also be working closely with the government, particularly the Ministry of Health (MOH) and aims to cover the four towns, with focus on the 18 villages of the department. As mentioned above, due to the focus on logistics and human resources in one area, MRC will be able to assist more households but has also lowered the appeal budget from CHF 2,131, 749 to CHF 1,794,192.
The technical scope range of the appeal will however remain the same and MRC will aim to assist the affected communities in the two regions with appropriate and timely relief assistance for the following sectors:- food distributions; health; nutrition; water & sanitation; hygiene promotion; livelihoods; disaster risk reduction (DRR); and in the capacity building of the National Society. The National Society will aim to ensure that there is a comprehensive assistance place to support the affected population tackle issues of moderate or severe malnutrition through screening, referral and food distribution in the short-term, while looking to support health education and systems, livelihoods and DRR in the longer-term to ensure some sustainable support for these remote communities.
MRC is working on agreements with both WFP and UNICEF in relation to the delivery of the first phase supplementary feeding to assist malnourished children and families in Brakna and will look at partnerships with other organizations as this response evolves. The National Society is also working closely with MoH in its delivery of support to both communities and to local health centres.
Funds are urgently required to support this operation. Donors who have contributed to this appeal to date include the Japanese Red Cross Society, Red Cross of Monaco and the Swedish Red Cross. IFRC, on behalf of Mauritania Red Crescent, would like to thank these donors for their kind and generous support.