Malawi Vulnerability Assessment Committee (MVAC) National Food Security Forecast, April 2016 to March 2017
Malawi, as was the case with many countries in the Southern Africa Region, experienced weather related hazards because of the effects of El Nino. These weather related hazards included late on-set of rains, erratic rainfall, prolonged dry spells in most parts of the Central and Southern Regions and floods in Northern Region that affected parts of Karonga and Mzimba districts. These hazards negatively affecting crop production during the 2015/16 agriculture season.
The Second Round Agriculture Production Estimate Survey released in April 2016 by the Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation and Water Development (MoAIWD) showed that maize production during the 2015/16 agricultural season had dropped by 12.4 percent. The Survey estimated maize production at 2,431,313 Metric Tonnes compared to 2,776,277 Metric Tonnes during the 2014/15 production season.
The national maize requirement is estimated at 3.2 million Metric tonnes translating to a maize deficit of about 768,687 Metric Tonnes. During the 2014/15 production season, the country also recorded a deficit of about 223,000 MT.
The estimates also show that besides a drop in maize production, other food crops, with the exception of sweet potatoes and potatoes, also registered decreases compared to the previous agriculture season as follows: rice decreased by 21.6 percent, cassava by 0.1percent, wheat by 31.1 percent, while sorghum and millet dropped by 27.1 percent and 40.9 percent, respectively.