Rapid Field assessment report Antananarivo - Date: 15/03/2017
This report is written following a very quick (3 hours) assessment one displacement sites and sites of origin in Antananarivo, on 15 March approximately one week after Cyclone Enawo.
A rapid field assessment was made of one displacement site and sites of origin in Antananarivo. It should be noted that one collective centre was visited. At its peak 128 families, or a total of 545 persons, were staying there. A significant proportion of the families have returned. Of some concern was the plan to relocate families from the evacuation centre to another tented site with inadequate space and sanitation facilities for the anticipated caseload of 78 families.
Comments below are the result of key informant interviews with Malagasy Red Cross (CRM) workers, local government officials, displaced people and people from communities of origin
There is a clear need to ensure that return is voluntary in nature. Is should be noted that there is pressure to avoid protracted displacement into schools and other public buildings.
There is a clear need to avoid secondary displacement, especially to sites which will prove overcrowded and have poor sanitation. Where return or relocation is to be encouraged, return or transit sites must be viable and not threatening to public health.
Limited need for shelter interventions was identified. However sampling was incomplete and this is not to say that there is no need in other parts of the informal settlements from which people were displaced.
Care needs to be taken with distributions inside collective centres as these can cause a pull factor, both for this response and for future years. In many cases it is difficult to separate the needs of the urban poor from those who have been displaced.
Some returns will be complicated by a need to engage in longer term issues to facilitate safe return. These include slum planning and upgrade, poor urban sanitation, marginal land and increased flood risks caused by construction of roads to wealthier settlements need to be addressed, many of which may be outside of the scope of the emergency response.
Further displacements in future years remain highly likely. There remains a heightened risk for additional displacements with the current cyclone season.
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