Madagascar: Tropical Cyclone ENAWO - Emergency Appeal n° MDRMG012

This Emergency Appeal is being issued on a preliminary basis and seeks 892,325 Swiss francs with an initial loan of 150,000 Swiss francs from the Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to enable the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) to support the Malagasy Red Cross Society (MRCS) in delivering assistance and support to 25,000 people affected by Cyclone Enawo over eight months. The response will focus on the following areas of interventions: health, water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH); and shelter (including non-food items). The planned response reflects the current situation and information available at this time of the evolving operation, and will be adjusted based on further developments and more detailed assessments.

The complete Emergency Plan of Action (EPoA) will be made available shortly.

The disaster and the Red Cross Red Crescent response to date

03 March 2017: Tropical storm Enawo forms on the southern Indian ocean. Enawo is upgraded to a category 4 Tropical Cyclone.

05 March 2017: MRCS mobilizes 24 National Disaster Response Team (NDRT) 120 Branch Disaster Response Team (BDRT) members, and 889 volunteers, to conduct assessments, disseminate early warning messages and provide first aid to affected communities.

07 March 2017: Category 4 Cyclone Enawo makes landfall in Antalaha city in the north-east coast at around 11.30am local time with wind surges of up to 205KPH. The cyclone is predicted to move southwards passing through the capital Antananarivo.

9 March 2017: A Field Assessment and Coordination Team (FACT) and Red Cross Red Crescent (RC/RC)
Indian Ocean Regional Intervention Platform (PIROI – French Red Cross)1 surge capacity is deployed to Madagascar for initial cyclone response.

12 March 2017: IFRC launches an Emergency Appeal with a DREF allocation of 150,00 Swiss francs at the request of MRCS to assist 25,000 people.

The operational strategy

Tropical Cyclone Enawo struck north-eastern Madagascar at around 11.30 hours on 7 March 2017, with average wind of over 205 km per hour, and with peaks of 300 km per hour. After battering Sava and Analanjirofo regions, the cyclone crossed Madagascar from North to South for two days, lashing heavy rains on all the country including the capital Antananarivo, home to more than two million people, resulting in flooding that displaced thousands of people. Moreover, water stagnation could lead to outbreaks of life-threatening waterborne diseases. According to UNOCHA, about 760,000 people are likely to be directly affected with nine regions at a high risk of flooding or damage from strong winds.
Enawo moved west-south-west and reached the coasts of Madagascar between Antalaha and Cap Masoala on the north-east. Enawo subsequently moved southwards across the highlands, including the capital Antananarivo. The cyclone brought a lot of rain, during its passage through the regions. A peak of rainfall was experienced in the eastern slopes of Madagascar. Enawo crossed the Island through the regions of Sava,
Analanjirofo, Alaotra Mangoro, Atsinanana, Analamanga, Vakinankaratra, Bongolava, Itasy, Ihombre, Amoron'i Mania, Haute Matsiatra, and Vatovavy Fitovinany. (Please refer to map annexed with this document.)
The Prime Minister of the Government of Madagascar has appealed for the mobilization of all partners in responding to needs at national and local levels although no call for international assistance has been formally issued yet. The Government has also activated its crisis management coordination group and so far, two meetings have been convened to discuss and monitor cyclone response.
Given this, the Emergency Appeal is being launched to enable the IFRC to support MRCS in its response. A detailed Emergency Plan of Action (EPoA) is currently being developed together with MRCS in close coordination with Movement partners in the country. The plan will be adjusted in the coming weeks based on recommendations of ongoing assessments.