DTM Libya | IDP & Returnee Report, Round 11 | May - June 2017
CHAPTER 1 - SITUATION OVERVIEW & KEY FINDINGS
This report presents the findings of Round 11 of data collection, which took place between 7 May and 8 June 2017. Table 1 displays the number of IDPs and returnees identified across rounds from the beginning of 2017 until present. As can be seen, the number of identified returnees had been steadily on the rise across the four rounds conducted in 2017, mirrored by a gradual decrease in the number of IDPs identified in the country.
Identified IDPs were primarily residing in private accommodation, consisting of self-paid rented housing, or being hosted with relatives or non-relatives.
Their primary reported needs across the country were access to health services, food and shelter. The main problems being faced for all three of the above-mentioned needs is that they are too expensive and therefore limit people’s access. Other problems cited for access to health included irregular supply of medicines and low quality of available health services due to overcrowded facilities, poorly trained medical staff or unavailability of female doctors.
The largest group of IDPs (46%) was displaced over the course of 2015, and 20% were displaced more recently, between the start of 2016 to the time of data collection.
During the reporting period, some clashes in Tripoli and Tarhuna caused some displacement of small numbers within those areas; however, field reports indicated that IDPs returned quickly to their homes following the restoration of calm in those areas.
Armed clashes between residents also took place in Azzawya on the 4th of June leading to the death of 7 individuals and internal displacement within the baladiya that lasted for three days. Families displaced were from the muhallas of Sidi Issa and Bahr Alsamah; they returned to their homes following the successful negotiation of a ceasefire.
The number of returnees who have gone back to their homes in 2017 continues to be on the rise. Most notably during the reporting period, large numbers of formerly displaced IDPs were reported to have returned to their homes in Qnfodah and Garyounes muhallas in Benghazi, nearly all of whom were reported to have returned to their previous homes.
Primary reported needs for returnees also focused on access to health services. However, the second most cited need for returnees was related to access to education, and the third was access to security.
In general students were reported to be attending school regularly; only 6 baladiyas in the country reported irregular attendance of students in schools, as elaborated on in Chapter 4.
Data on the health sector on the other hand has indicated several areas of concern. In 17 baladiyas in the country it was reported that only between 0 and 40% of public hospitals were operational. Further, in 95% of baladiyas it was reported that there was irregular access to medicine.
The following report will provide more details on IDP and returnee timelines of displacement and return, origins and areas of residence, shelter settings, needs, and relations with baladiya residents.
Chapter 2 will focus on IDP profiles and Chapter 3 on returnee profiles. Chapter 4 will provide a general multisectorial overview of education, health, public services, nutrition, access to livelihoods, security, and access to markets in Libya.
Chapter 5 concludes with notes on the data collected during this round, providing more details about the numbers and positions of key informants interviewed during Round 11.
The Information Package includes the Round 11 data set which contains all data collected for each muhalla and baladiya on IDPs, returnees and migrants, along with multisectorial data by baladiya to facilitate more targeted or in-depth analysis by practitioners and researchers.
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