Humanitarian Implementation Plan (HIP) Central Asia and Caucasus – DIPECHO (ECHO/DIP/BUD/2014/94000) Last update: 25/10/2013 Version 1

Report
from European Commission Humanitarian Aid department
Published on 25 Oct 2013 View Original

The activities proposed hereafter are still subject to the adoption of the financing decision ECHO/WWD/ BUD/2014/01000

AMOUNT: EUR 8 000 000

1. CONTEXT

For the purposes of this Humanitarian Implementation Plan (HIP), the Central Asia and Caucasus region (CAC) covers the following countries: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan in Central Asia, and Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia in the Southern Caucasus. This represents an area of 4.1 million square kilometers with a total population of nearly 84 million (67 in Central Asia and 17 in the Caucasus).

According to the latest Global Vulnerability and Crisis Assessment Final Index Rank, Kyrgyzstan, Azerbaijan and Georgia are listed as among the countries with a high GNA crisis index (crisis index 3). The Human Development Index 20122 rankings for the countries of Central Asia and the Southern Caucasus are the following: Kazakhstan ranked 69, Georgia 72, Azerbaijan 82, Armenia 87, Turkmenistan 102, Uzbekistan 114, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan 125.

CAC countries share a common recent history resulting from the dissolution of the Soviet Union in the early 1990s, which brought first independence and profound changes in the political, economic and social system. In general, there has been a deterioration of the socio-economic situation for many segments of the population and wealth and income disparities have become prominent (and often extreme) between and within countries.

The CAC region is highly exposed to natural hazards, including earthquakes, landslides, floods, mudflows, droughts, avalanches and extreme temperatures. The geological characteristic of the CAC, placed along several fault lines, makes it one of the most seismically active regions in the world. Natural hazards, combined with the high vulnerability of the population and insufficient local capacities to address (prepare, mitigate or prevent) the risks, exacerbate the impact of disasters. Climate change is also having effects on the frequency and intensity of disasters. As in other disaster risk regions of the world, the scale of vulnerability and exposure to hazards, and subsequently the need for assistance, are projected to substantially increase in coming years and decades. The latest World Bank reports3 estimate that Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan are the two countries in the “Europe and Central Asia" region which face potentially the highest threat from climate change impact.