National Contingency Plan to Manage Possible Effects of 4th March 2013 Electioneering, January 2013
This National Contingency plan (CP) for general election scheduled for 4th March 2013 is part of preparedness for any eventuality emanating from election process. This Contingency Plan provides guidance to the overall operations during the electioneering and allows for the immediate response to various situations likely to arise. It identifies flexible options adaptable to specific situations. Kenya has experienced violence in the previous elections but the Post Election Violence (PEV) witnessed in 2007/2008 had its own lessons. The coming elections will be the first since the promulgation of the new Constitution in August 2010 which provides for the devolution of government to 47 counties. It is out of this experience that the Ministry of State for Provincial Administration and Internal Security and Ministry of State for Special Programmes through the National Disaster Operation Centre (NDOC) initiated the contingency plan. This CP is meant to review the capacities with elaborate information sharing networks among the relevant stakeholders. Its ultimate goal is to fully utilize existing coordination mechanisms within government structures.
In order to achieve this objective, a series of meetings with participation of line ministries, UN agencies, Kenyatta National Hospital (KNH) and Kenya Red Cross and were held at NDOC to lay out activities for the contingency plan. For ease of planning, the process was segregated into four pillars based on complex emergency preparedness and response, namely; Prevention and Early Warning spearheaded by the Coordinator of National Steering Committee (NSC) for peace and conflict management; Security and Safety chaired by National Police Service; Humanitarian led by head of UN-OCHA and Mass Casualty with a representation from the Ministry of Health and Kenyatta National Hospital (KNH). Since the violence can occur in any part of the country, during development of this plan the participation of senior officials at county levels and district level have been involved and their inputs considered. In order to fully utilize support from partners, the plan incorporates international agencies at national and field level; other players are engaged through Disaster Management Committees and Steering Groups.
Based on adopted mapping for previous PEV and emerging conflicts in some counties, private participation, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and other agencies are coordinated at agreed structures called hubs. Eight (8) coordination hubs spread across the country have been identified. It is envisaged that all organizations will participate through these structures. There is hope that if everything goes according to the plan, Kenya will remain a peaceful and prosperous sovereign republic founded on the national values and principles of governance referred to in article 10 of the constitution. Socially, all sovereign power belongs to the people of Kenya and the people will remain patriotic, united, peaceful and democratic.