Kenya: Floods 2012, DREF operation (MDRKE024)

CHF 277,616 has been allocated from the IFRC’s Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to support Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS) in delivering immediate assistance to some 12,936 beneficiaries. Un-earmarked funds to repay DREF are encouraged.

Summary: This DREF operation is being launched by the National Society to support the humanitarian interventions for 12,936 men, women and children recently affected by floods in Nyanza (West Kenya) and Rift Valley provinces in Kenya.

The rains started in December 2012 and according to the current forecasts from the Kenyan Metrological Department (KMET), the flood situation will continue to get worse up to mid-January 2013. In Rift Valley, the affected areas are the slopes with little vegetation cover while in Nyanza (West Kenya) the affected areas are those in the low lying Kano plains which receive flood water from the highlands of the Rift Valley. The level of resilience of the residents in these affected locations has been weakened due to the recent enhanced volume of rain within the country.

A total of 2,156 households have been affected by the flooding with 1,217 households being in Rift Valley and 939 households in Nyanza (West Kenya). To date, a total of 13 people have lost their lives to mudslides in the North Rift region, 765 displaced and 5 people reported missing.

The displaced and evacuated families are currently sheltered within the schools, churches, public shopping centres and within host populations. Their needs include shelter, water supply, improved sanitation and hygiene promotion, provision of food relief, and basic health services. With the schools soon opening for their first term of the school calendar year, some of the displaced and evacuated families will require to be relocated and hence the need for emergency shelter. The on-going nurses’ strike within the country has also hindered access to the basic health services for the affected populations.

KRCS has conducted search and rescue missions in the affected areas and provided psychosocial support for the displaced persons. Other interventions include distribution of Non–Food Items (NFIs), household water purification chemicals, insecticide treated nets and health education. The interventions were carried out after rapid assessments were conducted in the affected regions by KRCS staff in collaboration with government officials, Non Governmental Organisations (NGO) such as Child Fund present in those areas as well as with the local media.

Through the support of this DREF, KRCS intends to continue the search and rescue services as well as tracing of missing persons in affected high risk areas. Furthermore, KRCS will provide emergency shelter to displaced and evacuated families, and continue the NFI distribution activities and support the Ministry of Health (MoH) in meeting basic health care needs through basic clinical services and preventive care to the affected families. Additionally, First Aid services and psychosocial support will be carried out by the KRCS volunteers, and health promotion and disease prevention campaigns focusing on cholera and malaria organized. The National Society will also provide safe drinking water to the affected families, improve sanitary conditions, and promote hygiene awareness.

This operation is expected to be implemented over three months and will therefore be completed by 14 April 2013. A Final Report will be made available by 14 July, 2013 (3 months after the end of the operation)