Horn of Africa: Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #7 (FY) 2008
BUREAU FOR DEMOCRACY, CONFLICT, AND HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE (DCHA)
OFFICE OF U.S. FOREIGN DISASTER ASSISTANCE (OFDA)
Note: The last fact sheet was dated August 15, 2008.
- On August 19, the Government of Kenya (GOK) released the results of the January to August long rains assessment, revising the number of people in need of emergency food assistance upward from 1.2 million to nearly 1.4 million, including 1,080,000 people in arid and semi-arid lands (ASAL) and 300,000(1) people affected by post-election violence. Approximately 65,000 metric tons (MT) of food aid is required to meet the revised beneficiary caseload through March 2009, which includes chronically food insecure beneficiaries.
- On August 26, the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) Food Security Analysis Unit (FSAU) released a report, based on April to July gu rains assessment data, that identifies 3.2 million people, or 43 percent of the total population of Somalia, in need of emergency humanitarian assistance, up from 2.6 million in April. The total number of affected individuals includes nearly 1.4 million living in rural areas, 705,000 urban dwellers, and more than 1.1 million internally displaced persons (IDPs). The revised humanitarian caseload represents a 77 percent increase since January 2008, with the largest increase occurring among rural populations in south and central Somalia.
- On August 28, USAID-supported Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) released the August Food Security Update for Djibouti, revising the number of people in need of emergency food assistance upward from 155,000 to more than 340,000, or approximately 54 percent of the total population.
- To date in FY 2008, USAID has provided more than $905 million in combined humanitarian assistance to Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, and Somalia, including more than $97 million in USAID/OFDA non-food assistance and nearly $759 million in food assistance from USAID's Office of Food for Peace.
NUMBERS AT A GLANCE
|Djibouti: Population in need of emergency assistance||341,280||FEWS NET - August 28, 2008|
|Eritrea: Estimated population facing food insecurity||1.7 million(2)||FAO -2008|
|Ethiopia: Population in need of emergency assistance||11.8 million(3)||GFDRE - August 2008|
|Kenya: Population in need of emergency assistance||1.38 million||KFSSG(4) - August 19, 2008|
|Somalia: Population in need of emergency assistance||3.2 million||FSAU - August 26, 2008|
FY 2008 HUMANITARIAN FUNDING PROVIDED TO DATE
USAID/OFDA Assistance to the Horn
of Africa: $97,002,030
USAID/FFP Assistance to the Horn of Africa: $758,780,100
State/PRM(5) Assistance to the Horn of Africa: $50,176,450
Total USAID and State Humanitarian Assistance to the Horn of Africa: $905,958,580
- According to FEWS NET, due to four consecutive poor rainy seasons and high staple food prices, a majority of households have experienced a significant reduction in food consumption, contributing to 25 percent global acute malnutrition (GAM) rates in northwest pastoral and suburban areas of Djibouti, significantly above the GAM emergency threshold of 15 percent.
- In addition, FEWS NET reports that both rural and urban populations face significant water shortages. In urban areas, shortages have resulted in water rationing.