WFP Iraq Situation Report #45, 25 January - 28 February 2017
10 million people in need of humanitarian assistance (OCHA)
18 governorates affected
3 million people displaced (IOM)
938,000 people food insecure (WFP, CFSVA)
233,000 Syrian refugees in Iraq (UNHCR)
In January 2017, WFP provided monthly food assistance for 1.6 displaced Iraqis. A further 310,000 people received ready-to-eat Immediate Response Rations (IRRs).
Since Iraqi Security Forces began efforts to retake Mosul from ISIL on 17 October 2016, WFP has provided assistance to an additional one million people, over and above the one million already being assisted.
Following a surge in attacks by ISIL from 10 February in eastern Mosul, United Nations missions to the city were put on temporary hold, though distributions of emergency IRRs continued.
Following a surge in attacks by ISIL, through unmanned aerial vehicles, indirect fire and suicide bombings, all UN missions to eastern Mosul were put on temporary hold until the United Nations Department of Safety and Security permitted access on 19 February, following an assessment of the situation. Partners reviewed the situation on a regular basis while distributions of Immediate Response Rations continued. On 13 February, WFP was briefly unable to transport food to IDPs from Mosul at Hassan Sham camp due to road closures ahead of the offensive on western Mosul.
Large protests took place in Baghdad on 11 February. Several people were killed during clashes between protestors and the ISF, with additional checkpoints put in place around the Green Zone.
Later that evening, several rockets were fired into the Green Zone, though no fatalities were reported. This was the first case of indirect fire into the Green Zone since 2015.
A significant number of families have returned from the Khazer and Hassan Sham camps to eastern Mosul since early February. Returns were temporarily placed on hold by camp management on 10 February due to incidents in eastern Mosul before later resuming.