Mosul Humanitarian Crisis, 9 November 2016
42,000 people are currently displaced
70% of displaced people are in emergency camps
30% of displaced People are in host communities
40,000 more spaces are available to shelter displaced people in emergency camps
450,000 additional spaces are under construction or planned
41,000 people have been reached by first-line emergency assistance
The military operation to retake Mosul from the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) commenced on 17 October 2016.
As the military operation continues, current displacement has risen to 42,000 people. Since 3 November, over 18,000 people have moved from urban areas of Mosul city and Bashiqa sub-district. Fighting inside Mosul city continues to drive displacement eastwards through the suburb of Gogachly. People are also moving southwards from Hamam Al Alil, Al Shura and Nimroud sub-district, seeking refuge in the Al Qayyarah area. UNHCR reports that 44 Iraqis from Mosul have crossed the border into Syria since 17 October.
Displaced people fleeing conflict are making dangerous journeys to reach safety, facing risks from direct and indirect fire, and improvised explosive devices.
Protection concerns define this crisis. Forced recruitment of boys as young as nine has been reported. Reports of a disproportionate number of female-headed households have raised concerns about family separation.
As humanitarian actors gain access to recently retaken areas, it is clear that the needs in these vulnerable communities are significant after more than two years under the control of ISIL.
Nineteen oil wells and a sulphur factory near Al Qayyarah were set alight by ISIL as they retreated. To date, only the sulphur fire has been extinguished. These toxic fires have had immediate health effects on people nearby, with potentially devastating long-term impacts on health, the environment, agriculture and livelihoods.
More than 20,000, or just over 70 per cent of people displaced so far are in camps: Qayyarah-Jadah, Zelikan, Khazer and Hasansham camps in Ninewa Governorate; Debaga camp in Erbil Governorate; and Bzeibiz central camp in Fallujah district in Anbar Governorate.
30 per cent of the displaced population are sheltering in private settings or critical shelters, such as host communities.
Shelter is readily available to accommodate a further 40,000 displaced people in seven camps. Construction at other sites is accelerating to create capacity for an additional 450,000 people.
Forward assistance missions close to the front lines have reached more than 41,000 displaced people in need with food, water and hygiene items. Access to these areas remains a challenge. Both displaced families and vulnerable residents have received aid, including 65,000 people who have received 30-day food rations and 60,000 people who have received essential non-food items.
Medical assistance has been provided to at least 1,600 people suffering from respiratory complications caused by toxic smoke from the oil and sulphur fires.
To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.