Mosul Humanitarian Crisis, 2 March 2017

Report
from UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Published on 02 Mar 2017

IN NUMBERS

191,800 People are currently displaced

85% of displaced people are in emergency camps

10,800 Family plots are available now to shelter displaced people in emergency camps

2,300m³ of water delivered by humanitarian partners every day in eastern Mosul to supplement municipal supplies

1,776 People referred between 17 October 2016 and 22 March 2017 from frontline areas to Erbil’s two main hospitals to receive treatment for trauma injuries

45,200 Children who have received psychosocial support since 17 October 2016

550,600 people have received essential household supplies since 17 October 2016

OVERVIEW

• Four and a half months into the military operation to retake Mosul city from Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), civilians continue to have significant humanitarian needs. These needs are most severe among displaced families, both in and out of camps, and among vulnerable residents of newly accessible areas.

• On 19 February, Iraqi Security Forces (ISF) resumed military operations to retake western Mosul from the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL). The humanitarian impact has been significant. Since the new offensive began, 28,400 people have been displaced from western Mosul, according to IOM. The current daily average of displacement from western Mosul is approximately 4,000 people per day, the highest sustained daily average of displacement since the start of the conflict.

• As of 2 March, current displacement has risen to 191,800 people. This is the highest number of people living in displacement since the crisis began.
Cumulatively, 255,708 people have been displaced since 17 October 2016, of whom some 63,800 people – some 25 per cent – have returned to their areas of origin.

• Approximately 85 per cent of displaced families are in camps and emergency sites, while the remainder is in host communities, sheltering in private settings or public buildings.

• Up to 750,000 people in western Mosul city are estimated to remain largely inaccessible to humanitarians, sheltering from the fighting, or waiting for an opportune time to flee. Serious concerns remain for the protection of civilians in the west of the city, where food, water, medicine and fuel are running low. Given the narrow streets and high population density in western Mosul city, civilians are at great risk of being caught in crossfire, and infrastructure is likely to sustain damage.

• Significant shortages of drinking water remain a major humanitarian concern in eastern Mosul city. Civilians in many neighbourhoods in the southern and western parts of western Mosul city also have no access to the public network and are potentially accessing untreated drinking water. The reestablishment of a functioning citywide water network is a key priority.

• Initial trauma casualty rates from western Mosul are high, with over 75 civilians treated at trauma stabilization points near front line areas. From 17 October 2016 to 22 February 2017, over 1,776 wounded civilians have been sent to Erbil’s main hospitals to receive trauma care. Between 8 January and 22 February, the field surgical hospital in Bartalah treated 618 civilians for trauma injuries.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.