Iraq Situation: UNHCR Flash Update - 9 May 2017

Report
from UN High Commissioner for Refugees
Published on 09 May 2017

KEY FIGURES

368,706
Iraqis currently internally displaced from Mosul and surrounding areas since military operations to retake the city began on 17 October 2016

469,000
people from Mosul and surrounding areas assisted by UNHCR since 17 October 2016.

11,863
family plots currently occupied out of 18,736 family plots (for some 106,000 people) in UNHCR built camps ready to receive IDPs displaced from Mosul and surrounding areas

3 million
IDPs since January 2014

253,992 Iraqi refugees hosted in countries in the region, and 15,728 Iraqis received in Al Hol camp in Syria since 17 October 2016

FUNDING

USD 578 million
requested for IDPs and Iraqi refugees in the region in 2017

POPULATION MOVEMENTS

Displaced families continue to arrive from west Mosul to Hammam Al-Alil. Internally displaced persons (IDPs) are increasingly coming from neighbourhoods in northwest Mosul such as Harmat, Hilela, Sahaje, and Shafaa, following the GoI military advances. Over 24,000 IDPs from west Mosul have reportedly been transported by the government to Hammam Al-Alil between 5 and 8 May. IDPs undergo a last round of security screening in Hammam Al-Alil before moving onwards to camps or urban areas. During the same period, 5,100 IDPs were transferred to the UNHCR-built Hammam Al-Alil 2 camp, while other families crossed the Tigris River by boat or used private transportation to reach east Mosul. Some IDP families are also staying in the transit site nearby, managed by UNHCR’s partner, as they wait for relatives to complete the security clearance process.

Several hundred displaced families have reportedly been transferred from Hammam Al-Alil 1 camp to west Mosul. On 9 May, military trucks transported at least 300 displaced families (about 1,800 persons) sheltered in Hammam Al-Alil 1 camp, built by the government, back to their areas of origin in retaken neighbourhoods in west Mosul. Humanitarian partners continue to advocate for voluntary return in safety and dignity.

First return movements to west Mosul from camps east of Mosul confirmed. Although IDPs sheltered in east Mosul have reportedly been going back to west Mosul frequently to check on property, very few returns have been reported to west Mosul from camps. This week, UNHCR teams tracked eleven families accommodated in camps who have voluntarily returned to their homes in West Mosul. They report difficult conditions and shortages in basic services, but state that they intend to stay in west Mosul unless the situation significantly deteriorates.

RESPONSE UPDATE

Hasansham U2 camp (UNHCR) opened today (9 May) with capacity to host up to 1,560 families. At least 226 new arrivals have been registered at the camp which is located about 30 km east of Mosul. All partners are in place and 1,300 tents are ready to immediately receive displaced families. The remaining 260 tents will be pitched on 10 May.

Some 6,500 plots are immediately available for up to 39,000 IDPs in 19 camps and emergency sites in Mosul corridor. Since October 2016, UNHCR has built over 18,700 plots in the Mosul corridor and in Kirkuk with the capacity to shelter up to 112,000 newly displaced persons.

UNHCR has assisted a total of 469,000 persons from Mosul and surrounding areas since the start of military operations to retake the city in October 2016. Assistance has reached over 324,000 IDPs in camps around Mosul, and over 144,000 IDPs, returnees and members of the host community in and around Mosul. In camps managed by UNHCR, families received shelter, protection, and essential household items such as blankets and mattresses, heaters, kitchen sets, cooking stoves, plastic sheeting, water jerry cans, kerosene jerry cans, and kerosene. UNHCR also provided essential items to IDPs sheltered in camps managed by the Government, in Jad’ah camp, south of Mosul, for instance. In host communities, and in return areas, families received essential items, based on their needs.

UNHCR needs USD 212 million in 2017 to continue providing urgent protection, shelter and camp coordination and camp management assistance to IDPs.