Iraq Situation: UNHCR Flash Update - 3 August 2017

Report
from UN High Commissioner for Refugees
Published on 03 Aug 2017

KEY FIGURES

  • 837,900 Internally displaced Iraqis verified as being currently displaced from Mosul and surrounding areas since military operations to retake the city began on 17 October 20161

  • 587,299 IDPs, returnees and members of the host community from Mosul and surrounding areas assisted by UNHCR since 17 October 2016.

  • 263,756 Individuals (54,668 households) impacted by military operations to retake Mosul since October 2016 are currently enrolled in ASSIST, UNHCR’s assistance tracking tool

  • 3.3 million IDPs since January 20142

  • 257,476 Iraqi refugees hosted in countries in the region, and 21,503 Iraqis received in camps in Hassakeh, Syria since 17 October 2016

FUNDING

  • USD 578 million requested for IDPs and Iraqi refugees in the region in 2017

POPULATION MOVEMENTS

Cumulatively, 1,077,444 individuals (179,574 families) have been displaced due to the conflict in Mosul. 239,544 individuals (39,924 families) have returned to their areas of origin, and 837,900 individuals (139,650 families) remain displaced, according to the International Organization for Migration’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM).

New arrivals to camps have been static. Between 31 July and 1 August, 185 families arrived at camps south of Mosul, 157 families at camps east of Mosul, and 25 families to camps north of Mosul. An average of 10-15 families arriving to the camps each day have been in the camps previously and had returned from Mosul again largely due to lack of livelihood, high rents and prices of basic goods and security related concerns. During the same time, departures decreased in comparison with previous days, with 44 families leaving eastern Mosul camps and 87 families from southern Mosul camps.

Families from Tel Afar and Baaj (Ninewa Governorate) arrived at Hammam al-Alil screening site, 25 km south of Mosul. During 31 July to 1 August, 141 persons reached the screening site, and 93 persons departed for Hammam al-Alil 2 camp.

Decrease in new arrivals from Hawiga (Kirkuk Governorate). Reportedly, there has been an increase in checkpoints manned by armed groups along displacement routes. Between 31 July and 1 August, 13 families who had fled Hawiga and crossed through the Hamreen mountains reached Al-Alam camp in Salah al-Din Governorate.

SITUATION UPDATE

Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi stated on 2 August that the return of internally displaced persons (IDPs) was his first priority. The Government has adopted a timeline for IDP returns in retaken areas in Ninewa, including west Mosul, and efforts to restore basic services and clear explosive hazards were ongoing. The Prime Minister indicated that an advisory team from Mosul University was supporting the rehabilitation of the Mosul city.

According to the United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI), nearly 250 civilians were killed in Iraq in July, a drop in casualty figures from June, with the conclusion of major operations in Mosul. In June, 415 civilians were killed and 300 injured.

Around 12 million Iraqis reside in rural areas and depend on agriculture for their livelihoods. Years of conflict have destroyed or damaged harvests, equipment, infrastructure, livestock, seeds, crops and stored food – and left 3.2 million Iraqis food insecure. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) is working with mobile service providers to assist rural families in Iraq through newly adopted mobile money transfer technology as part of a cash-for-work programme to rehabilitate farming infrastructure.

RESPONSE UPDATE

UNHCR protection partner identified and assisted persons with specific needs. 30 cases were referred to specialised service providers in the Khazer, Hasansham, and Chamakor camps, east of Mosul. UNHCR’s legal partner also conducted 126 legal consultations. In Debaga camps in Erbil Governorate, UNHCR partners have been supporting a campaign to prevent sexual harassments.