Iraq Situation: UNHCR Flash Update - 1 August 2017

Report
from UN High Commissioner for Refugees
Published on 02 Aug 2017

KEY FIGURES

  • 838,044 Internally displaced Iraqis verified as being currently displaced from Mosul and surrounding areas since military operations to retake the city began on 17 October 2016

  • 587,299 IDPs, returnees and members of the host community from Mosul and surrounding areas assisted by UNHCR since 17 October 2016.

  • 263,756 Individuals (54,668 households) impacted by military operations to retake Mosul since October 2016 are currently enrolled in ASSIST, UNHCR’s assistance tracking tool

  • 3.3 million IDPs since January 20142

  • 257,476 Iraqi refugees hosted in countries in the region, and 21,503 Iraqis received in camps in Hassakeh, Syria since 17 October 2016

FUNDING

  • USD 578 million requested for IDPs and Iraqi refugees in the region in 2017

POPULATION MOVEMENTS

Increase in arrivals to camps near Mosul. Between 28 and 30 July, 166 families arrived to camps east of Mosul, and 19 families to camps north of Mosul. During the same time, departures decreased in comparison with previous days, with 244 families leaving camps to the east of Mosul, and 10 families leaving camps to the north of Mosul. The heat in camps and the availability of aid improved security in specific areas of origin remain main reasons cited for departure. There are also some instances of people returning back to camps after finding a lack of services, insecurity and destruction of homes in their places of origin. A UNHCR protection partner interviewed 25 families in camps who had registered to return or relocate to east and west Mosul. Twelve families said they will stay in rented houses or with relatives in east Mosul as their houses are destroyed in west Mosul, or they are from contested areas and are unable to return to their houses, while the rest were returning to their areas of origin.

Steady pace of displacement from Hawiga and east Shirqat. Over the past week, 10-15 families a day have been fleeing Hawiga across the Hamreen Mountains towards Kirkuk or the western bank of Shirqat. During the same period around 10 families daily have also been fleeing from the east bank of Shirqat towards the western bank of the city.

SITUATION UPDATE

Workers in west Mosul have begun repairing power lines and clearing debris from some streets. However, the lack of basic services has deterred many people from returning. A member of the Sanitation Council for Ninewa Governorate said 80 percent of the city's sewage system was damaged in the fighting. There is also a persistent threat of improvised explosive devices and mines in houses, schools, mosques and streets.

Iraqi forces have indicated plan to launch a major offensive to retake Tel Afar, around 40 km west of Mosul. The city had a pre-conflict population of 200,000 residents.

RESPONSE UPDATE

UNHCR completes electricity project in Hasansham U3. The new electricity network in the camp is now providing residents with ten hours of electricity per day. Camp management is coordinating with authorities to supply air-coolers and fans to all families in the camp.

Bartella Civil ID office to begin mobile missions to camps east of Mosul twice a week. UNHCR’s legal partner is coordinating with the office to increase the scope of the legal documentation assistance in the camps for IDPs from areas east of Mosul City. UNHCR is further advocating with the Mosul Civil ID office to ensure that the same documentation services can be extended to IDPs from Mosul district.

UNHCR distributes core relief items (CRI) to 3,090 families in Jad’ah 6 camp. Partners are conducting a comprehensive need assessment to identify any remaining gaps and needs in the other Jad’ah camps in Qayyarah.

Ongoing assessments and distribution of emergency shelter kits and sealing-off kits in east and west Mosul to help families to carry out basic shelter repairs. Families are given vouchers following the assessment and go to one of five collection points to receive the kits. The kits are composed of tools and materials they can use to make basic repairs to damaged homes.

For the Mosul/Hawiga response, over 71,000 family plots in camps are occupied with over 351,000 IDPs, and available capacity of 12,000 plots for a further 12,000 individuals.