Iraq Situation: Flash Update - 28 December 2016

Report
from UN High Commissioner for Refugees
Published on 28 Dec 2016

POPULATION MOVEMENTS

Mosul: IDPs, mostly from Mosul city, continue to arrive in camps. Some 5,400 individuals (902 families1 ) were offered accommodation in UNHCR, IOM and Iraqi government-established camps east and south of Mosul since 24 December.

Returns: Increasing numbers of families in camps are registering with local authorities to return to their places of origin. In Qaymawa, Khazer M1 and Debaga camps, 3,619 individuals (812 families) have returned to their places of origin, east and south of Mosul, since 18 December. Families interviewed by UNHCR state that they do not want to spend the winter living in a tent and believe conditions are conducive for their return.

RETURNS FROM HASSAKEH

Newly retuned Iraqis from Syria unable to return to places origin. Local authorities informed UNHCR that 1,400 Iraqis who spontaneously joined Government voluntary repatriation movements were admitted to Iraq, but due to destruction and access were unable to return to their homes. Most had fled Iraq in 2015 or earlier in 2016 from Ninewa and Salah Al-Din and had been accommodated in Hassakeh governorate. Their voluntary repatriation was sponsored by the Ninewa Provincial Council and an Iraqi Member of Parliament. The return movement has been organised tribal leaders, Members of Parliament, Provincial Council of Ninewa and GoI. UNHCR has concerns about the nature and quality of information provided to returnees to fully ensure a safe and voluntary repatriation and is working with authorities to address these.

SITUATION UPDATE

Anticipating more returns, the Iraqi government is re-establishing infrastructure in newly accessible areas. To address the lack of domestic fuel available in areas controlled by the government in southern Ninewa Governorate, the Iraqi Ministry of Oil is rehabilitating the Qayyarah refinery and has instructed all private oil stations to reopen. In Mosul, the government has started to restore water and power in government-controlled neighborhoods.

UNHCR RESPONSE UPDATE

Hasansham M2 camp continues to receive the bulk of the newly-arrived families from Mosul: some 4,600 IDPs (761 families1 ) were received at the government-established camp since 24 December. Most new arrivals are from Mosul city. Upon arrival, the IDPs are provided with a hot meal, a tent, and UNHCR emergency relief items. Around 34% of the displaced families assessed by UNHCR within the Mosul corridor are missing a key identification document. 1,411 cases of missing documentation have been identified by UNHCR’s protection partner in Hasansham and Khazer camps since 18 December. Following UNHCR advocacy with local authorities, a mobile court comprising of three judges is now present in Khazer M1 camp five days a week in order to facilitate IDPs’ re-documentation in all three camps.