Iraq: Mosul Humanitarian Response Situation Report #14 (26 December 2016-1 January 2017) [EN/AR/KU]

Report
from UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Published on 01 Jan 2017
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Highlights

 Military operations intensified on 29 December, causing over 9,000 people to flee the city in the space of four days. The average daily figure for displacement has increased by 50 per cent since military operations intensified.

 Civilian casualties have increased. Camps and emergency sites to the south and east of Mosul city are reaching their maximum capacity. Government and humanitarian actors are responding urgently to expand camp capacity.

 People inside Mosul are facing a dire humanitarian situation. Across the city stockpiled foods are dwindling while the price of staple foodstuffs spirals, and water boreholes in the east of Mosul are drying up or turning brackish from over-use.

 Distributions in eastern Mosul reached 30,000 people with ready-to-eat food, water and hygiene items.

125,568 People displaced by military operations to retake Mosul (since 17 October)

385,901 People received food to last one month (since 17 October)

333,000 People received household items including winterization kits (since 17 October)

277,307 Medical consultations have been provided (since 17 October)

112,000 People currently displaced to camps and emergency sites

7,524 Spaces are available now for new arrivals in camps and emergency sites

Situation Overview

Following the intensification of military operations in Mosul City on 29 December, the rate of displacement from Mosul has increased markedly, with over 9,000 people having fled the city in the space of four days. In comparison with the average daily rate of displacement in November, the intensification of military operations has caused a roughly 50 per cent increase in the number of people fleeing on a daily basis. Displacement has largely been to the south and east, where camps run by government and humanitarian partners are taking in the new arrivals and assistance is being provided.

Ongoing return movements have also been of note. To date, an estimated 14,000 people have returned to their homes in recently accessed areas including outlying areas of eastern Mosul, like Gogachly and al-Quds. Markets in these areas are reopening, and people are able to access humanitarian assistance, despite pockets of insecurity.

There are serious concerns on the deteriorating humanitarian situation in western Mosul city and the corridor to Tel Afar, since the military encircling has led almost no commercial goods entering. There is no humanitarian access to these ISIL controlled areas. Moreover, people displaced from eastern Mosul have reported rapidly rising food prices in the city over the last two months. When the last bridge across the Tigris collapsed following an airstrike on 27 December, people in eastern Mosul were cut off from supplies and services in the west of the city. As a result, stockpiled foodstuffs will dwindle, negatively affecting food security amongst the civilian population. Reported food needs in eastern Mosul are likely to be similar in western Mosul, as families are forced to cope with this situation.

During the reporting period, a van parked inside the Ibn-Al-Athir hospital compound in eastern Mosul was hit in an airstrike, possibly causing civilian casualties. As military operations push deeper into heavily-populated urban areas, the humanitarian community is concerned that the utmost care is taken by parties to the conflict to protect civilians and avoid damage to civilian infrastructure like hospitals, schools and water treatment plants.

The trauma casualty rate around the front lines continues to be high. An additional 816 trauma injuries in the reporting period brings the number of people with trauma injuries referred from Mosul city to hospitals in Erbil since 5 December to 3,125, primarily as a result of gunshot wounds and indirect fire. The daily casualty rate has doubled since the start of the second phase of the military operations on 29 December. Health care providers are scaling up, but the gap still remains significant. In addition to the three trauma stabilization points currently providing trauma care and referral services, and a 50-bed field hospital is being established near Bartalah, 21 kilometres east of Mosul, and will be operational early in January.

Distributions have been carried out in parts of eastern Mosul during the reporting period. On 27 and 28 December, 30,000 people received emergency response packages containing ready-to-eat food, water, and essential hygiene and household items. Further distributions are planned as soon as security restrictions permit.

As a consequence of the security incidents in eastern Mosul in the previous reporting period, access has been restricted for humanitarian actors. The first access assessment mission since 15 December will take place to Gogachly on 2 January, with further needs assessments in Zuhour and Qahira neighbourhoods scheduled.

Humanitarian partners continue to deliver assistance wherever access allows. In the reporting period, 32,205 people were reached with ready-to-eat food in newly-accessed areas and 1,654 families received essential household items to cope with the winter weather, including carpets, blankets, stoves and heaters. Psychosocial support was provided to 2,002 children (831 girls and 1,171 boys). 403,761 people outside of camps and 109,244 inside camps are accessing full water, sanitation and hygiene services.

In the last week, amongst other activities, federal and regional authorities delivered three trucks of food and non-food items have to Gogchaly, and coordinated the delivery of 72,000 liters of kerosene to Qayarra Airstrip and Jad’ah camps.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.