Iraq - Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #6, Fiscal Year (FY) 2017

Report
from US Agency for International Development
Published on 11 Aug 2017

HIGHLIGHTS

  • Extensive ERW contamination in the city of Mosul threatens the physical security of IDPs, residents, and returnees

  • August 4 marks the three-year anniversary of the ISIS-siege of Sinjar Mountain in northern Iraq

  • Humanitarian organizations distribute emergency supplies sufficient for nearly 1.9 million people since October 2016

KEY DEVELOPMENTS

  • Sporadic clashes between Iraqi Security Forces (ISF) and Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) elements continue in the Old City area of Ninewa Governorate’s city of Mosul after the Government of Iraq (GoI) seized control of the city from ISIS on July 10.
    While the unpredictable security situation has hindered some returns, a total of 243,800 internally displaced persons (IDPs) had returned to areas of origin in Mosul as of August 8, according to U.S. Government (USG) partner the International Organization for Migration (IOM). As of August 8, approximately 839,500 people remained displaced as a result of GoI-led military operations to retake Mosul.

  • Widespread reports of collective punishment against displaced households suspected of affiliation with ISIS, including retribution, forced relocation, detention, and barring of IDPs from certain sites by camp management authorities, are raising significant protection concerns within the international humanitarian community.

  • Recent improvements to the water supply infrastructure in eastern Mosul have enabled relief agencies to reduce the amount of safe drinking water delivered to eastern neighborhoods from 3 million liters of water per day to approximately 500,000 liters per day, while still meeting the water needs of residents.

  • On August 4, the third anniversary of the ISIS attack on the Sinjar region of Ninewa, UN Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Sexual Violence in Conflict Pramila Patten issued a statement condemning the use of sexual violence as a tactic of war, particularly the widespread and systematic campaign of sexual violence imposed by ISIS against Yezidi women and other minority groups in Iraq.