Humanitarian Implementation Plan (HIP) Iraq Crisis (ECHO/-ME /BUD/2014/91000) Last update: 20/06/2014 Version 3
AMOUNT: EUR 12 000 000
0. MAJOR CHANGES SINCE PREVIOUS VERSION OF THE HIP
June 2014: modification n°2 The political and security environment in Iraq deteriorated substantially during the past two weeks, following a string of large-scale, coordinated operations by armed opposition groups (AOGs) in Ninewa, Al-Anbar, Salah al-Din, Diyala and northern parts of Baghdad governorate.
As a result, some 500 000 people fled Mosul towards the Kurdish governorates and dispersed in the disputed territories between the Kurdish Region of Iraq (KR-I) and Ninewa. To date, approximately 200 000 IDPs are in Dohuk governorate, 100 000 in Erbil, 175 000 scattered throughout the region. Of those dispersed, many are in makeshift camps, public buildings and host communities along the border with the KR-I. A large number of women and children are observed among the displaced. Reports of hundreds maybe thousands of displaced families in the governorates of Kirkuk, Salah al-Din and Diyala are also being received; access constraints due to the prevailing security situation are making this difficult to verify.
In the city of Mosul, estimated 25 000 are displaced. At the same time, UN sources report that some are moving back to parts of the city; fuel shortages are however having a dramatic impact on the provision of electricity and safe drinking water.
About 480 000 IDPs as a consequence of the conflict in Al-Anbar governorate add to the recently displaced from Ninewa. Thus, it is estimated that at least one million Iraqis have been forcibly displaced since January 2014. IDP numbers are likely to rise as the areas affected by conflict and violence expand throughout the Iraqi governorates, especially if hostilities move to the capital of Baghdad. At the time of writing, only few new arrivals of Iraqi refugees in the neighbouring countries are reported.
Amidst continuous fighting in Ninewa, Al-Anbar and other Iraqi governorates, there are growing concerns regarding the situation of civilians, including minorities, in conflict- affected areas, areas where population displacement is underway, and areas where IDPs are concentrating. The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights and a number of human rights organizations called on Government authorities and armed opposition groups (AOGs) in Iraq to stop violence and abuse against civilians in violation of international humanitarian law as summary executions, extrajudicial killings and the high risks of civilians caught in cross fire are being reported in various parts of the country.
Humanitarian organizations are supporting local Kurdish authorities in the organization of IDP camps. At present, two camps are being set up in Khazr and Garmawa in the disputed territories near Kurdish-forces checkpoints raising serious protection concerns.
The vast majority of the displaced in the KR-I are staying with relatives and friends, hotels or public spaces (schools, mosques, parks). Although conditions for IDPs hosted by local communities are stable for the moment, there are concerns that in days and weeks available household resources will be exhausted.
Access by humanitarian actors remains a major challenge due to genuine security concerns, internal security restrictions and impediments by armed actors. The provision of shelter and accommodation, food, non-food items, access to health for IDPs, and support to host communities are being identified as main priorities.The establishment of adequate protection measures for IDPs, especially for those staying in areas where military forces are being deployed is of utmost importance.
The UN and NGO partners are updating contingency plans and reviewing the Strategic Response Plan (SRP) that had been prepared for the humanitarian response to the Al- Anbar crisis at the beginning of the year. It is expected that the revised SRP and corresponding funding requirements will be finalized in the coming days. In addition, the UN Humanitarian Coordinator has submitted a request for emergency funding to the UN- managed Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF).
In the past days, first donor responses have included contributions from the UK (5M GBP), USA (12.8M USD), Norway (10M USD), Denmark (4M USD), Australia (3M USD), Canada (12M USD). The government of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has recently announced a contribution of 500 M USD to be disbursed through the United Nations.
DG ECHO1 will open an office in the Kurdish Region of Iraq –Erbil- with permanent presence early July to ensure a closely follow up of the humanitarian situation and response.
In view of the deteriorating humanitarian situation and the number of populations displaced, the European Commission has decided to increase by EUR 5 million the budget of the 2014 HIP. This additional funding will be mainly used to respond to the priority needs of newly Internally Displaced Populations and Iraqi refugees in the neighbouring countries (Jordan and Lebanon, but also covering Syria, Iran and Turkey if it should become necessary).